iPhone 12 vs iPhone 11 vs iPhone XR | Camera Test
iPhone11 Pro \ GoPro Hero8. What shoots better: smartphone or Action Camera?
Who shoots better, a modern smartphone or Action Camera? A detailed comparison test of the two leaders iPhone 11 Pro and GoPro Hero 8. Why a smartphone has 3 or 4 cameras? Let’s see how it shoots photos and video, daytime and especially at night. Who has better stabilization on the camera smartphone or action camera. Get the answer to the question: Why do you need an Action Camera when you have a smartphone? Thanks for watching. #GoProHero8 #iPhone11Pro #People
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time code: 0:00 Just A MAN’S START 01:23 What’s a comparison of completely different devices 06:02 About iPhone 11 Pro cameras 11:45 Why smartphone cameras are better than Action Camera 13:00 Comparing photography 15:10 Comparing video 19:00 When both Action Camera and phone ALWAYS shoot bad 20:53 So who’s better?
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Winner? iPhone 11 Pro. It’s System with three lenses is much better than the Pixel 4 with two lenses. With iPhone 11 Pro, you get an ultra-wide-angle lens in addition to the wide-angle and telephoto lenses on the Pixel 4.
The device has gained two main camera lenses and an upgraded interface. Both modules have a resolution of 12 megapixels:
- Wide-angle with Focus Pixels. The lens can focus up to three times faster in low light;
- Ultra-wide angle covers four times the image area. All sorts of landscapes and more people fit in the frame.
Night mode turns on automatically in low light. The result is vivid photos with natural color reproduction. The model introduces several new types of portraits. The camera settings allow you to adjust the level of light. The user can easily turn color photos into black and white. Thanks to the improved Smart HDR feature, the camera recognizes faces and treats them differently than the background. Two modules offer double optical zoom and auto-correction.
All Apple iPhone 11 lenses record 4K video at 24, 30 or 60 frames per second. When you zoom in, the sound also zooms in. The camera manages to capture scenes in motion. Videos are as crisp and smooth as possible. Advanced editor lets you trim and crop your recordings quickly.
The 12-megapixel TrueDepth front camera lets you take impressive selfies. It can shoot video at 120 frames per second. Just flip your phone horizontally to capture more details in your photos, and it automatically zooms out.
iPhone 11 display
The smartphone features a Liquid Retina liquid crystal display that delivers accurate color reproduction. The screen resolution is 1,792×828 dots, and pixel density 326 per inch. Brightness figures up to 625 cd/m². True Tone technology adjusts white balance on screen to ambient light conditions. To unlock the display you use Face ID secure feature, which ensures the protection of data. Technology instantly recognizes the wearer’s face from any angle.
iPhone 11 vs Samsung S20 FE Camera Comparison
At the top of the screen is a cutout for the speaker and front camera sensor. You can set the phone to activate by touching the display or lifting the product.
iPhone 11 is powered by the A13 Bionic chipset, developed by 7nm technology. Processor ensures fast and smooth startup of all processes and applications. It also has a low power capacity, which allows for longer battery life. Battery lasts one hour longer than XR. In active use, the gadget lasts for a whole day. The device supports fast charging. With an 18-watt power adapter, the battery charges 50% in just half an hour. The device also supports wireless charging.
iPhone 11 comes in three flavors with 64GB, 128GB and 256GB of internal storage. Even the basic modification is enough to store multimedia files and applications. 4GB RAM.
- The gadget is water-resistant to IP68. It can withstand a dive to a depth of two meters for 30 minutes.
- Dolby Atmos is responsible for the sound quality. The voluminous and rich sound creates an effect of presence, similar to that occurs in the theater.
- With Wi-Fi version 6, content downloads are up to 38% faster than last year’s models.
- Two pairs of Beats or Airpods headphones can be plugged in simultaneously for co-operative listening.
- Smartphone has two SIM card slots for Nano and eSIM.
- Siri voice assistant can perform many voice commands, including creating reminders and sending messages. The user can set up voice activation of quick commands for any application.
- GLONASS and GPS are responsible for navigation in the device, and wireless communications are represented by NFC and Bluetooth series 5.0.
The price of iPhone 11 varies depending on the amount of built-in memory. In the online store Foxtrot you can buy a phone in installments or on credit. Delivery is carried out in all cities of Ukraine.
How smartphones appeared multiple cameras and what it led to
We continue to take apart the controversial ideas that manufacturers are trying to foist on us. We’ve already discussed foldable smartphones with two screens and transparent phones, now I want to talk about how smartphones have two or three or more main cameras, and why this is not always a good solution.
The best Android cameras vs. the iPhone 11!
Under phones with dual cameras we will not consider models that have one main and one front camera. here everything is simple. We are talking about two or more lenses side by side.
The first phones with a “real” dual camera used for 3D. The first of these was the Samsung SCH-B710 back in 2007. it was on sale only in Korea, so many people have not even heard about it.
This phone had a screen that reproduced the 3D effect without special glasses. There were no 3D games or videos at the time, so two cameras were added so that the owner of such a device could at least look at his three-dimensional photos. However, they were mediocre quality cameras with 1.3 megapixels, so you can imagine what kind of 3D was there.
After this experimental phone on the market was a few more smartphones with a 3D screen and a dual camera for taking photos and videos with stereo effect. from the more popular you can remember LG Optimus 3D and HTC Evo 3D, but in fact there are many more. Even LG had several smartphones with dual cameras for 3D shooting, and there are variations from Sharp, ZTE and many other companies.
3D never took off in phones, just like in TVs, and no one saw the need for two cameras for other tasks. Only in 2014 HTC came up with the idea that the smartphone One M8 will have a dual camera. the main module of 4 megapixels and an auxiliary 2 megapixels. The second camera was only needed for two functions. to blur the background in software, or to change the focus point of the finished picture.
Admittedly, these extra features were far from perfect. And the large pixels of the main camera aggravated the situation. because of the low resolution, the detail in the pictures suffered. So HTC’s dual-camera marketing stunt didn’t take off.
Also in 2014, Huawei introduced the Honor 6 Plus with two 8MP cameras. The message is the same. you can control the focus point in the pictures and even imitate different depth of field. In practice, it didn’t work very well. certainly not better than the smartphones that tried to do the same thing with a single camera.
So the question arises whether these dubious features are worth it to put a second camera in the smartphone for the sake of them. But it seems that smartphone manufacturers did not have such an issue, so 2014 can be marked by the beginning of the fashion for smartphones with multiple cameras.
In 2015, LG introduced the V10. only it didn’t have a dual camera, it had a front camera. Especially for selfies, a wide-angle camera was added to the regular camera to get more people in the frame. This variant looks even more reasonable than all the previous variants of dual cameras in smartphones.
LG itself also liked this option, so the G5 flagship appeared the main camera with an additional wide-angle module. But there were many other problems with this smartphone, so let’s move on.
Another realization of the dual camera was invented by Huawei together with Leica. In the flagship P9 also put a second camera, only not the usual, but monochrome. According to the manufacturer, it helped expand the dynamic range and get more light. How it actually worked. only the company’s engineers know.
But Huawei’s monochrome camera allowed for beautiful black and white pictures:
Apple in 2016 offered another version of the dual-camera design. the iPhone 7 Plus came with a TV camera. When you switch between the two lenses you get 2x optical zoom. optimal for portraits or subject photography. Now this scheme is used everywhere, because the dimensions of smartphones do not allow to accommodate a lens with variable focal length, as in large cameras.
But the iPhone 7 Plus had one problem. long lenses require more light. The second camera didn’t have stabilization, so the aperture ratio of the lens was lacking. As a result, the smartphone did not use an additional camera for 2x zoom in low light, but cropped the image from the main camera. this is software, not optical zoom. Honest magnification worked only during the day in good light.
The situation improved only in the iPhone X, when the second camera was added optical stabilization.
What we arrived at
For the past three years, there has been a real race to see who has the most. For example, there was the Samsung Galaxy A9 with four cameras, of which only the main camera shot well, while the wide-angle and “telescope” gave a much worse picture. This set was complemented by the so-called depth sensor. a special camera for software background blurring. The HTC One M8 is worth remembering here.
Here we can not forget about the Nokia 9 with a clever system of five cameras, which in fact were not so good
Now a smartphone with two or three or even more cameras is the norm. Only if the expensive flagships put good sensors with quality lenses, as in the iPhone 11 Pro or the Galaxy S20, in the budget and medium models put just about anything. at best a not very good quality wide-angle module, but more often give a useless depth sensor or a macro-camera at 2 megapixels.
So I like Apple’s approach better in this regard. the company is trying to squeeze the maximum profit out of everything, but still maintains basic rationality. So the conditionally inexpensive iPhone SE (2020) has only one good camera without separate modules for bokeh or macro. If you want a wide angle lens or optical zoom, there are more expensive iPhone 11 and 11 Pro.
Although Apple likes to get crafty with its cameras, too. For example, the company tells us that the new iPhone 12 Pro Max has a fivex zoom, but that’s not exactly true. The company counts the optical zoom from the wide-angle module itself to the telephoto lens. you really get a 5x magnification there. Only it’s customary to count the zoom from the main module to the TV. so in fact, the 12 Pro Max only has 2.5x zoom, not 5x.
Try to figure out what kind of camera you get the first time around / screenshot of Apple’s website
I suggest discussing in the Комментарии и мнения владельцев whether smartphones need dual or triple cameras, especially in budget smartphones. How often in life do you need a televisor or wide angle camera if you are not into photography?
Which phone’s camera is better? iPhone SE 2 or iPhone 11
We’ve told you many times before about what the new second-generation iPhone SE is like and even compared it to other smartphone models from Apple. We showed how it shoots photos compared to the iPhone 11 Pro. This comparison, first of all, was interesting due to the fact that the cost of the devices differ more than twice. We also did a comparison with the iPhone X camera, which was interesting for those who wanted to see what he would gain in terms of camera if he now upgrades his device, which is two and a half years old. All of these comparisons showed that a beginner’s camera behaves very decently (links to comparisons will be inside this article). Now it’s time to show how the camera of the new second-generation iPhone SE performs compared to what the closest current iPhone has to offer. I’m talking about the iPhone 11.
A comparison of the two smartphones is most interesting.
Surrounding sound. Meet Dolby Atmos
The sound in iPhone 11 is amazing. It’s probably the best I’ve heard on a smartphone in principle.
There are two speakers: the lower one and the upper one, which has been stereo since the iPhone 7. Both started delivering more detail, there was a hint of bass, and the volume went up by a factor of one and a half. The iPhone now feels as loud as some small portable speaker.
Now imagine having multiple speakers like this around you. They all move individual sounds around the head. That’s how Dolby Atmos works on iPhone 11. In music in Apple Music is not noticeable, but clearly distinguishable in iTunes movies. I tested on Mission Impossible: Consequences.
Keep in mind that not all movies support Dolby Atmos. Look for the corresponding caption under the movie poster in Tunza.
Why iPhones still have 12MP cameras?
Have you noticed that there are somehow too many megapixels? Samsung is preparing a 600 megapixel sensor, they already have 108 megapixels, but the iPhone still has 12 megapixels. Why so?
You probably think it’s all about Deep Fusion and other magic algorithms. It’s kind of a conspiracy, yeah. But it’s not just about them.
What if I told you that the iPhone has a lot more megapixels than we think. Samsung, on the contrary, much less. Depends on how you count those megapixels. What kind of conspiracy is this?? Let me get this straight!
First things first. If you look closely at today’s 48, 64 or even 108 megapixel sensors (and Samsung has officially announced that it’s working on a 600 megapixel sensor), it’s clear that sensor resolution has become a relative thing. Why do I say that??
Traditionally, each pixel on a sensor consisted of at least 3 things:
- The photodiode is a small sensor that picks up light.
- It’s a color filter that allows each photodiode to capture only the right spectrum of light: red, green, or blue.
- Microlens. which allows you to focus light more precisely inside a pixel.
And it turns out that if a pixel has these three components, you can call it full. And in sensors with these pixel additions, we always get a fair resolution: if the sensor is 12 MP, the photo will be 12 MP. But there’s no way they could have done it differently?
It turns out they could. For a long time, sensor manufacturers had a problem. There’s no way they could make a pixel smaller than 1 micron. Which means they couldn’t increase the resolution with the same physical sensor size. So we’ve been sitting mostly with 12 MP cameras.
But in 2018 the 1 micron barrier has been overcome and the first compact sensors with a pixel size of 0.9 or 0.8 microns and a resolution of 48 MP or more have appeared. But as pixel size gets smaller, all other things being equal, their light sensitivity goes down too. Which, by the way, does not always happen.
That’s why they’ve come up with a very simple hack. The color filter is now applied not to one but four pixels at once and they named such structure Quad Bayer, or Tetra Cell, if you’re a Samsung marketer. And further, combining 4 pixels into one giant one, we get excellent light sensitivity!
However, the actual resolution of 48 megapixel cameras with Quad Bayer structure is 4 times less than the nominal resolution and it’s still 12 megapixels. Because the pixels in such matrices do not pass our criterion of completeness: each pixel has a photodiode, each has a microlens, but the color filter is only one in four. Which means the color resolution in these cameras is four times lower than the actual.
over, even in the new Samsung 108 megapixel cameras, the real resolution is also 12 megapixels, because they do not combine four, but nine pixels. Total, 108 divided by 9, we get 12.
But why not just make big pixels and not bother combining them?? Strangely enough, this approach gives a lot of advantages!
Firstly, during daytime when there is a lot of light we can not merge pixels, but with the help of Re-mosaic algorithm we can restore though incomplete but very high resolution of the matrix.
Secondly, we can make different pixels work at different shutter speeds. Then the output will be one light and one dark frame, and merging them, we can get a full-fledged HDR photo, or even HDR video!
In short, there are a lot of options for experimentation and it’s a sin not to use it.
But if everyone already understands that the approach works, then why isn’t the iPhone or the Pixel taking advantage of the new sensors?? And here’s the fun part. In fact, they are used, and for a long time, but in a different way!
In addition to the Bayer and Quad Bayer structures, there is an alternative school, which is called Dual Pixel or rather Dual Photo Diode.
It differs from traditional Bayer in that each pixel in it consists of two independent photodiodes. And there’s only one microlens covering both photodiodes.
But why would that be necessary?? If you look at traditional digital sensor under a microscope, you’ll notice some strange areas in addition to regular pixels. these green things.
Those are the phase focus sensors. They’re essential for autofocus. If you used to shoot with a DSLR, you remember the focusing areas in the viewfinder? That’s them!
The more of these sensors, the faster and more accurate the autofocus or AF will be. But here’s the problem. They physically take up space on the sensor and take it away from the normal pixels. Which means you can’t increase the number of phase pixels indefinitely. Because if there were one phase pixel for every normal pixel, the focusing system would take up about 60% of the total area.
That was before Canon invented Dual Pixel technology. They started using regular pixels as phase focus sensors, dividing them into two parts! It allowed all the pixels to be phased! Again, anyone who has used a DSLR knows how cool Canon’s autofocus is.
But while adult cameras only have this technology from Canon, in smartphones the sensors with dual pixels are made by Samsung and Sony, so this kind of focusing system can be found in a bunch of smartphones. Including all Google Pixel, starting with the second and the iPhone 11 and 12.
That’s why in fact the iPhone’s sensors are 24 megapixels, if you count by the number of photodiodes. But of course we can’t call such 24 MP full-featured ones, because here the pixels share not only the color filter but also the macrolense. That’s why in such sensors the pixels are always working in a federated mode.
True, there’s one exception, if the iPhone dual pixel system is used exclusively for its intended purpose, that is to improve focusing, and, by the way, autofocus in the iPhone works great in both photos and videos, the Google Pixel with this technology has learned to take portrait pictures with one camera. They simply take the two photos that came out of the right and left photodiodes and, after calculating how much the image has shifted, they build a depth map.
So that’s where I’m going with this? The 12 megapixels in the iPhone are a conscious choice by Apple, just as the 108 megapixels in the Galaxy are a conscious choice by Samsung. Each of which gives its advantages and disadvantages.
Cameras with high resolution and Quad Bayer or NonaCell structure. allow for higher resolution during the day and great light sensitivity at night. Allow you to shoot with HDR algorithms for photos and videos, and in general can be very flexible for your specific task. But not every processor can handle that many pixels yet, and as tests of the Galaxy S20 Ultra have shown, there are problems with focusing.
Dual Pixel low-resolution sensors don’t seem to be much different from traditional sensors, but low-resolution photos are easier to process. And the Dual Pixel structure allows for amazing speed and accuracy of focusing.
Nevertheless the world is not standing still, Samsung and Sony have already shown a new matrix with Quad Bayer structure and dual pixels, which takes the best of both worlds. So expect even cooler camera phones in the future next year.
It seems like a small thing, but how it sounds: “iPhone ten-er” or “iPhone X-er” versus just “iPhone eleven.”. I think that this is a matter of psychology and personal attitude, but I like the variant of iPhone 11 better. It’s clearer and more logical, without any unnecessary fuss.
The new glass and colors
According to Apple, the company now uses new glass in the iPhone 11, covering the front and back of the phone. It is more durable and withstands shocks better. We’ll have to check it out.
The new iPhone 11 will appear in six colors, and the palette has been thoroughly updated: instead of coral and blue appeared green and purple. The four colors remained the same: black, white, red, and yellow. Although now it’s a different shade, not as saturated.
Improved water protection
If the iPhone XR met the requirements of IP67, the iPhone 11 has already declared IP68. Either way, the moisture protection is great, only now it’s a higher level. It means that the phone will survive in a depth of up to 2 meters for up to half an hour. In practice you are unlikely to feel the difference, but when you’re trying to find the difference between two very similar phones, every little detail counts.
Improved Face ID
Improved face scanner is another innovation. According to Apple, the new sensor system works 30% faster than the old one, and recognizes faces from a wider angle. The biggest worry is whether the phone has learned to recognize the owner when you hold it horizontally instead of vertically. For example, the iPad Pro can do so, and we want the phone to have the same function.
In terms of audio, the iPhone XR was good, but apparently iPhone 11 will be even better: it has Dolby Atmos support. In addition, Apple has announced such a feature as Spatial Audio. Translated into Russian, it’s about spatial sound, a kind of field around the phone. How 3D sound works in such a small phone? We’ll check it out while we’re testing the device. But this has never been done before in iPhones.
One of the main innovations, thanks to which you can distinguish the old phone from the new one. Now the iPhone 11 has a dual camera against the single module in the iPhone XR. Here we get a new wide-angle module and ultra wide-angle, as well as ultra fast recording. According to Apple, the new camera takes pictures three times faster than the old one.
In addition, there are new effects when taking portraits, and in portrait mode you can shoot not only people but also objects or animals. In addition, they have added a new night shooting mode and fast recording function. The essence of it is that you press the shutter button and the phone writes a clip instead of photos. As an appetizer we’ll leave Slofie. slow motion video selfies with the front camera. Creepy.
The new processor
The fastest and most powerful processor with the best graphics gas pedal. that’s how you could describe the new Apple A13 Bionic. It’s 20% more powerful than last year’s Apple A12 Bionic. If you like benchmarks and numbers, there will soon be a bunch of tests and comparisons from curious reviewers. In any case, there will be an excellent reserve of performance for years to come.
iPhone 11 now supports Wi-Fi 802.11ax, aka Wi-Fi 6. If you use it, you’ll be able to appreciate the speed of the new phone.
Apple didn’t say anything about the battery capacity at the presentation. Most likely, we will know the exact figures only when iFixit disassembles the smartphone. For now, Apple promises that the phone lasts an hour longer than the iPhone XR. Given that the iPhone XR can safely be called the longest-lasting phone Apple, it is definitely good news.
It costs less
At launch, iPhone 11 costs 699. By the way, a year ago the iPhone XR came out for 749, a discount of 50 is also a nice bonus.
How the iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Pro differ. Is it worth it to pay more for a flagship?
The hottest new products from Apple’s second fall presentation were the iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Pro. Now the two lines are more similar to each other.
And it’s this pair of gadgets that will be the first to hit store shelves on October 23. This will happen a little earlier than the appearance of the iPhone 12 mini and Pro Max.
That’s why we’re comparing devices to see which one to choose at the start of sales. And you can get a new one by doing iPhone trading without leaving home.