How to connect your computer to a Wi-Fi router without cable
How to connect a WI-FI router if the user can hardly call himself a computer guru? Almost all ISPs offer help installing a router, but why pay extra money? It is not difficult to connect to a router by yourself.
A Wi-Fi router helps you create a home wireless network. This device, also called a “router,” gives you the ability to connect multiple computer devices to an Internet outlet, both via wire and Wi-Fi.
Where to Install a Wi-Fi Router
First we need to decide where to place the router. If you only use one computer in your apartment, and will only use it occasionally, such as when someone you know walk in with a tablet or smartphone, the best thing to do is to run an Ethernet cable into the room where your computer is located. When you get a second car, it will be possible to connect via cable. Here you can also connect and configure the network data storage (NAS-server). The network must cover the maximum size of the apartment.
Diagram of the correct location of the router.
Choose the place for the router carefully, if you are going to actively use the wireless network. It is best if this point is in the center of the apartment, usually in the hallway. From this point each room should be visible. It is a good idea to give the router a higher place (e.g. on a closet). If there is no tall furniture in the hallway and the interior allows, simply install it on the wall, screwing dowels, coming with the kit. This arrangement of the WI-FI access point will allow all areas of the apartment to be evenly covered by the Internet signal.
Do not place the router in wall niches or in front of any massive obstacles, they interfere with the signal. We recommend before installing a router in a particular place to try to use an already configured laptop or tablet in different parts of the apartment. to check the level of Wi-Fi coverage.
If you find that one room has too weak a signal, you can try moving the router to that location and double-check the signal there and in the other rooms. Alas, there is no universal solution. Different building materials and finishes. bricks, foam concrete, clay blocks, cement slabs or drywall. each have different signal paths.
How to connect a Wi-Fi router
The router, not the PC, will connect you to the cable network. Connecting a router and its settings are necessary so that the data necessary to establish a connection with the provider, which are usually entered on the PC, were entered and saved in its settings. Other mobile gadgets in the apartment will use the network according to the conditions set in these settings.
Connecting and configuring the router is a fairly simple task that does not take much time. After taking the router in your hands, you need to examine its back panel.
There are 5 ports, of which 4 are designed in the same way. these are LAN ports intended for local user devices. PCs, laptops, servers, tablets, players, etc. For convenience, you can connect the router to a laptop.
The last Ethernet port on the rear panel is framed in a different color than the LAN. This is the WAN port (which stands for “Wide Area Network”). There must be a signature (WAN or Internet). The Internet cable is designed to connect to this port.
Once you plug the router into the network and connect the cable from your ISP to the WAN port, you will see the port LED (one of the lights on the front) come on.
There is a physical connection between your equipment and your ISP’s equipment. Now that the router is successfully connected, it remains to configure it.
How to configure and connect a router to the PC
With modern routers the difference in the configuration of Wi-Fi and connecting to the ISP is usually in the nuances of the external menu design. the admin panel. Once you understand how to connect a router to your PC using one example, you will be able to configure other models as well. Setup steps are illustrated by preparing two routers. TrendNet TEW-632BRP and Asus WL-520GC.
Diagram of connecting a router to your home network.
Start by setting up DHCP-server (network protocol, which is needed for the computer to automatically obtain IP-addresses and other necessary parameters). Previously, only a desktop computer received an IP address from the provider, but now there are several devices connected to the router. Consequently, it is the Wi-Fi router, but not the computer, that will interact with your ISP. Within your home network it will independently distribute internal IP addresses among all your computers, smartphones, TVs and other appliances.
According to the router connection diagram, connect the router to an electrical outlet, to connect the router to a laptop, plug the Internet cable into the WAN port on the router. The device is supplied with a cable for a router with two plugs, it must be plugged with one end into the slot on the back or side panel of the laptop, where previously the Internet cable was plugged directly (to the network card), and with the other end. into any of the LAN-ports of the router.
By the way, before connecting the router to the network it is a good idea to buy a UPS or use the one you already have.
A voltage drop will cause serious damage to wi-fi, there have been cases where, after a voltage drop the wireless coverage radius decreased tenfold.
This is a good reason to throw out your damaged router and buy a new one.
To connect the router to a laptop, install the required drivers from the disk that came with the new router.
Next you need to configure the laptop to work with the router. In the network card of your notebook prescribed settings for access to the network via ISP cable, so these settings are in the control panel. These data must be saved in order to work with the Wi-Fi router.
Router connection diagram via 3G or 4G modems.
- In Windows 7: “Start Control Panel Network and Internet Network and Sharing Center Manage Network Connections Change adapter settings. In the list find and open “Local Area Connection Properties Internet Protocol version TCP/IP v.4”. If there is any data prescribed here, it is better to overwrite it. This is important for those who for some reason do not have access to the contract with the provider. such papers are often lost.
- Open the TCP/IP protocol settings v.4 according to the order of two popular operating systems: Windows XP: “Start Control Panel Switch to Classic View Network Connections.
- Next, here, in the network connection settings on the computer, it is necessary to enter the IP, gateway, and DNS-server data to automatic. these parameters will need to be configured in the wireless router itself.
- Open the router settings address. 192.168.10.101 (usually this is the address, but you’d better read the router’s datasheet or the sticker on the bottom of the router to be sure). If the instructions are not available, then through the Control Panel repeat the above path, but after right-clicking on “Local Area Connection” select the “Details” button. A window should pop up, where you will find the IPv4 default gateway. This is the address you want.
- Enter the address you have found in your browser with “http” prefixed at the beginning. In the menu, find the “DHCP Server”, where the data range for the IP addresses of the gadgets that will join your network is laid down. The range can be: Start IP. 192.168.10.101, End IP 192.168.10.200. DHCP Server must be enabled. Domain Name (sometimes Host Name) is the name of the network.
TP-LINK Archer (AX50) setup
The AX50’s packaging and package is standard. inside a cardboard box:
- The router itself (with 4 antennas installed);
- power supply;
- one LAN-cable (basically, it also is not necessary if you are not going to connect the stationary PC to a router);
- instruction manual. A couple of pictures below.
As for the connection. here everything is standard:
- After taking the router out of the box. connect the cable from the Internet service provider to the WAN-port, and to the Power port. the power adapter;
- If necessary: to one of the LAN ports (there are 4 of them). connect your computer (thanks to the cable included with the router);
- press the power button on the device (number-3 in the photo below);
- The green power LED on the device should light up;
- Everything is ! Now you need a computer (laptop) to configure the device. See. next step.
Internal Wi-Fi receivers
Mainly connected via PCI interface. Which means that you need to open the system unit for installation. They look like this:
The price is almost the same as external receivers. Installation should be no problem.
As you have already realized, the lack of Wi-Fi on your computer is solved very quickly and without much cost. You don’t need to run a network cable all over the apartment. And you might also ask if Wi-Fi speeds will be slower than cable. I answer, my internet goes through a router TP-Link TL-WR841N, to the computer so far on the cable, and a laptop connected by Wi-Fi, according to my observations, the laptop works even faster. That’s it friends. Good luck!
Setting up network sharing for printers and files
Network access to files and printers allows you to use these resources on other computers in the local network.
To resolve it, open the “Sharing Network Control Center” via Control Panel or the context menu of the network icon in the tray.
Next, click on “Change advanced sharing settings”.
Expand your network profile (private or public), check the “Enable printer and file sharing” box and save the changes.
Apply this same setting to the other computers.
After that, you will be able to print on the printer that is connected to one of the machines on your network (access is adjusted through the control panel and “Devices and Printers” applet), as well as files. music, pictures, videos, TV show records, documents, etc. from folders C:\Users\Public.
You will also be able to access folders shared by other computers and connect these folders to your PC as network drives.
How to set up a local network through a Wi-Fi router
If you still do not know how to configure the local network via Wi-Fi router, then this video tutorial is for you
How to enter the router settings
After turning on the router it needs time to boot and clean up. During this time lights on the front panel may go on and off, wait for 1 minute. To get into the router’s admin you need to write in the address bar of your browser:
and press “Enter”. Then you need to enter the default login and password:
A quick note: Address 192.168.1.1 is the address most routers use. If you get a “Page not found” or “Page not opened” error, try another address, e.g: 192.168.0.1
If it’s wrong again, look for the correct address on the sticker on the back of the device:
If it’s not there, you’ll need to look at the instructions, which may be on the box, or you can do an Internet search on your phone. The same goes for username and password, i.e.е. They are not all admin/admin. If it is a used device, then maybe someone has changed the defaults. In this case you need to reset all settings to default. To do this, find the “Reset” hole on the router and press the button inside with a match.
Network cable is not connected
Assume you know the login address and username/password, but you can’t access the admin area because of a network error. Then you need to check your network card settings in Windows 7/8/10:
- Go to “Start. Control Panel. Network & Internet. Network and Sharing Center
- On the left side find “Change adapter settings”
- The “Local Area Connection” connection should NOT be in the “Network cable not connected” status:
If so, this is most likely the case, t.е. the cable is not connected, is not connected to the right place, or is faulty.
Also, the status should not be “Disconnected. If it is, right-click on the icon and select “Enable”.
Incorrect TCP/IP settings
If you still can’t get into the admin area, then:
- Right-click on the connection icon and select “Properties
- Find “Internet Protocol version 4 (TCP /IPv4)” and double-click on it
- Check the checkboxes in the protocol properties: “Get IP address automatically” and “Get DNS-server address automatically”
- Press “OK” twice
- Now wait for 10 seconds and you can check.
Router connection errors to the Internet
Connecting without Internet access
One of the most common errors, which causes confusion among users, is the inscription “No access to the Internet” or “Limited. In this case, no page in the browser does not load. During the initial setup of a router, the most common causes of this phenomenon include improper ISP data entry (see “Internet Connection Errors” on page 4). above step 4). For example, when you select a wrong type of connection, specify a wrong login or password, or specify other incorrect data. Often users enter the control panel password instead of the ISP password, which leads to this result. In this case, call your ISP and ask them what you need to enter in the wizard.But this is not the only reason for connecting without Internet access. The problem may be hidden on the side of the provider himself, if he carries out some technical work or in your house there was an accident. The problem may also be in your computer or router, so call your ISP to find out all of these things at once. If there are no technical problems on their part provider will check whether your equipment receives the transmitted packets of information. If it doesn’t, you will be given specific recommendations on how to work with your router or computer.
Internet connection through the router is failing
If after the first setup the Internet worked fine and then began to disappear, this has its own explanation. First, you need to see if the Internet disappears via cable or Wi-Fi. If both are missing, then unplug the ISP cable from the router and plug it into your computer to check. If there is no problem with a direct connection, this indicates a problem with your router. A reboot, firmware upgrade, or factory reset might help. If you have lost Wi-Fi signal, then the device is far from the router, or there is a serious interference between the device and the router, or the bandwidth is overloaded. The first and second problems can be solved by different location of the router in the apartment or by installing a repeater, and the problem with congestion is solved by changing the frequency of the broadcast or by choosing a different channel (done in the control panel in the wireless networks section).There are also other possible causes of signal loss. Sometimes the problem occurs on the ISP side, leading to frequent interruptions in connection during the day. The reason can also be a problem with a particular device (a Wi-Fi adapter, a network jack, a network cable). Other devices in your home that are connected to the Internet can help to verify this.Despite the fact that different router models have their own connection features, understanding the connection diagram will help you to quickly deal with any model. Knowing the connection errors will also help you to quickly locate the cause of failure and fix it most often without the tedious call to the provider or a house call to the wizard.
If the exclamation mark on the network icon is “lit” (no internet access)
This is probably the most popular option (especially the first time you connect and configure your router, e.g. after a hardware change).
In this case, the first thing I would recommend is to open your network connections and check if everything is OK there. To do this, press the WinR key combination and use the ncpa command.cpl (see “Network Connections”). screenshot below ).
How to open network connections / ncpa command.cpl and WinR
In the network connections window, you need to open the properties of your connection (usually, it is called “Ethernet” (as in my case ) or “Local Area Connection”).
Then find the line “IP-version 4” and open its properties. After putting the sliders in mode:
- to get the IP address automatically;
- get the DNS server address automatically (in some cases, it is recommended to specify DNS 8 instead of the auto-variant).8.8.8 is Google’s DNS. Read more about it here).
Save your settings and check your network.
IPv4 Properties. get an IP address automatically
The second important point is to check the router settings. If you have not had it configured before. then, in principle, in most cases. the Internet will not, until you specify the connection parameters.
Different ISPs have different requirements: as a rule, to find the necessary logins and passwords, IP addresses, etc. parameters [to be entered into the router settings] can be found in the contract with your ISP, which you signed when connecting to the Internet.
How to enter the router settings [just where you need to set the connection parameters] (for beginners)
Setting up the PPPoE connection in the Tenda web interface (to connect to the Internet)
In that vein, I recommend another article (on setting up and connecting a router from scratch). You can read all the “omitted” points from it.
The procedure for installing an outdoor WI-FI adapter and then setting up
The procedure will be for “TP-LINK TL-WN721N”, but the steps are the same for the other devices of this type.
Remove all the following accessories from the package:
Connect your PC with a Wi-Fi receiver via USB cable. It is recommended to disregard the notifications displayed on the PC screen that the software was found and installed. к. The drivers must be installed manually from the CD.
Insert the CD into the drive and activate the installation procedure. In the installation wizard window you will find and specify the model of Wi-Fi receiver and click “Install driver and utility”.
After that the installation wizard will lead you through an intuitive menu, where you will only need to follow the consecutive instructions of the pop-up boxes.
When the procedure is finished, an icon will appear in the system tray about the beginning of the Wi-Fi device.
Then just click on this icon and indicate in the list displayed, which Wi-Fi you want to connect to.
Type the WI-FI access code in the next menu that appears and click “Ok.
Done! You can now turn on your PC browser and begin active internet surfing.
Connect the computers in the network to transfer the Internet
One of the reasons for creating a home network is to distribute the Internet. For example, if one PC is connected to the Internet and it needs to be shared to other devices.
First you need to establish a connection between computers according to the instructions above, then in Network Connections open the properties of your network and put a check mark on the “Access” tab:
Note, there will be no “Access” tab if you haven’t set up another network connection. The solution is simple, but there are other options. For example, you can make an additional cable branch. You will have to crimp it yourself, use the detailed instructions:
To distribute the Internet this way is possible, but not convenient. The computer must have at least 2 network cards to connect two networks (home and Internet). Every time you have to turn on your PC to have access to the World Wide Web.
It is not that difficult to create a network at home and connect two computers. Connecting through a router is easier because you don’t have to mess around with the settings and write the addresses. But if you do not have such a device, the problem will solve a normal LAN cable, it is sold in all computer stores and costs cheap.