How to check the condition of the hard disk PC. Windft (HGST FITNESS TEST)

Today on the Internet you can find and download more than a dozen high.quality free programs for checking the hard drive (HDD), solid.state disk (SSD), as well as drives with the Ml integro.2 / u.2 nvme. They will help to determine the possible problem with a hard drive, predict a breakdown in the future in order to replace it in time in case of danger of loss of data and even carry out a small repair of HDD.

Smart. All of them are suitable for diagnosis, obtaining information about the drive and potential malfunctions of the HDD of your computer or laptop.

Victoria, Seagate Seatools, Disk Checkup, Western Digital monitoring panel have a full.fledged Russian integration language.

Facial Disco testing features

Most programs for testing a hard drive from our list have the following opportunities:

  • Reading and displaying official information about the Smart disk.
  • History Smart.
  • Fast or deep test Reading / recording to assess the state of the surface of the disk and mechanics.

TOP-15 Free computer programs that will help test the Winchester of a stationary computer (HDD), laptop, external hard drive.

S.M.A.R.T: How to check the condition of the hard drive

If you have a hard drive, the condition of which is suspicious of you, then the first thing to do is check these technologies S.M.A.R.T. This technology is designed to collect information on the state of the hard drive and conduct a self.diagnosis procedure. Using s.M.A.R.T you can quickly evaluate the condition of the hard drive, is there any risk of data loss and what needs to be done for further diagnostics and repair of a computer.

Technology s.M.A.R.T appeared in hard drives back in 1992. Then the first drive with this system was the disk array from IBM. Since then, s.M.A.R.T has received wide application and is now used in absolutely all HDDs and most SSD discs.

In order to consider the information that was collected by the technology S.M.A.R.T, you will need a special program. For example, you can use a free Crystaldiskinfo program. You can download this program on the official website of the developer.

The Crystaldiskinfo program is very simple and will be clear even to beginner users. At the top of the window there is a list of disks that are connected to the computer. After choosing a hard drive, all the information that is available for this HDD will appear at the bottom of the window.

Below is a block of basic information about the selected drive. Here you can find out the name of the disk, the version of its firmware, the serial number used by the integration, the speed of rotation of the spindle, the number of inclusions, the total operating time, and also other information.

In the block with basic information, the most important data is the “number of inclusions” and “total working hours”. The larger these values, the worse the state of the hard drive, since in the process it inevitably degrades. In desktop computers, modern discs usually work normally for 15-25 thousand hours, after which problems begin to appear. For laptops, this number is even less, there discs usually withstand no more than 10-20 thousand hours.

Closer to the left side of the window there are two more important parameters. This is an assessment of the technical condition of the hard drive and its temperature. Assessment of the technical condition of a hard drive is a general assessment that the program assigns based on data ST data.M.A.R.T. This assessment can accept one of three values:

  • Good. everything is in order with the disk, no actions are required.
  • Alarm. the disk has some problems, it is worth checking the availability of backups, it is advisable to replace the disk.
  • Bad. disk has significant malfunctions, the disk must be replaced.

The temperature of the hard disk is not directly related to its state. A normal temperature for HDD is considered from 20 to 45 degrees Celsius. If the temperature exceeds 45 degrees, then this indicates poor cooling of the computer housing.

Checking the condition of the hard disk using s.M.A.R.T

The most useful information about the state of the hard disk is located at the bottom of the program window. There is a list of parameters that monitors S.M.A.R.T, as well as the values ​​assigned to them. Using this information, you can quickly assess the state of HDD and decide on further actions.

When studying the list of parameters s.M.A.R.T should look at the value of the “RAW-Reason” column. The data here are indicated in Hex format.

List of parameters tracking by technology S.M.A.R.T, large enough, but not all of them are critical for the state of the hard drive. Below we will consider only the most important of them.

  • 03-Spin-Up Time)-a time that is required to promote a disk from a turn off to an operating speed. This value increases with the wear of the mechanical part of the drive, also a large time of promotion may indicate a voltage sketch when the disk is launched.
  • 05. reassigned sectors (Reallocated Sectors Count). the number of sectors that were recognized as faulty and were reassembled to the reserve area. The presence of reassigned sectors indicates problems with the surface of the disk.
  • 0a-repeated attempts of promotion (Spin-up Retry Count)-the number of repeated attempts to promote the disk. This value increases with the wear of the mechanical part of the drive.
  • BB. incorrigible errors. the number of errors that could not be eliminated by hardware of the drive.
  • BC-the Command Timeout Timeout-the number of operations that were interrupted due to the timeout. An increase in this parameter may indicate problems with disk power or cables.
  • C4. attempts to reassign sectors. the number of attempts to perform the sector reassignment operation. Both successful and not successful attempts to reassign sectors are taken into account. The presence of reassignment attempts indicates problems with the surface of the disk.
  • C5. unstable sectors (Current Pending Sector Count). the number of suspicious sectors that may be reassembled in the future. The presence of unstable sectors indicates problems with the surface of the disk.
  • C6. incorrigible sectors (Uncorrectable Sector Count). the number of sectors that cannot be fixed by hard disk products. The presence of incorrigible errors indicates problems with the surface or mechanical part of the disk.

If the RAW values ​​for all the above parameters are zero, then this indicates that the hard drive is in excellent condition. No problems SC technology s.M.A.R.T not revealed. If some parameters are more than zero, then the HDD state should be checked more carefully, perhaps such a disk will require an ambulance.

The most important parameter S.M.A.R.T is the parameter “reassigned sectors” or “Reallocated Sectors Count”. He indicates the number of faulty sectors that were reassigned to the disc to the reserve area. Usually, after the appearance of only a few redundant sectors, the surface of the disk begins to quickly degrade and the drive completely fails after a few weeks or months.

Therefore, if redeveloped sectors are detected, it is necessary to check the presence of backup copies of all important data that are stored on such a disk. If there are no backup copies, then they need to be urgently done, otherwise you risk losing data.

Creator of the Comp-Security site.NET, author of more than 2000 articles on computer repair, work with programs, setting up operating systems.

Ask a question in the Комментарии и мнения владельцев under the article or on the “Ask Question” page and you will definitely get an answer.

Garbage, a bunch of disks with incorrigible and reassigned sectors. Not one of the system came out. Important info on them just do not store and all the norms.

Acquaintance with the Crystaldiskinfo program

In order to check the hard drive or SSD using Crystaldiskinfo, no special skills are required. Now we will talk about how to use this program.

After starting the program at the top of the window, you will see a list of all discs. which are connected to a computer. By clicking on these discs, you can switch between them.

In the central part of the Crystaldiskinfo window, the technical characteristics of the selected disk are displayed. Here you can find out the firmware version, the serial number used by the intense, data transfer mode, volumes, supported standards and capabilities.

A little to the right is displayed such parameters as the speed of the disk rotation, the number of inclusions and the total operating time. SSD also displays the amount of recorded data.

The left side of the window displays the most interesting information to check the disk. This is the parameter “technology” and temperature.

  • “Technician”. The parameter “Tekhombic” is based on data S.M.A.R.T. and displays the current state of the selected disk. The more problems for the system S.M.A.R.T., the worse the assessment of the technical condition.
  • “Temperature”. With temperature, everything is quite simple. If it does not exceed 45 degrees, then everything is in order. If the temperature is higher, then it is worth improving the cooling of the body. For example, you can install a cooler that will blow hard drives directly.

How to check a hard drive in Crystaldiskinfo

When checking the disk via Crystaldiskinfo, first of all, you should pay attention to the parameter “Tekhosa”. According to the parameter “Tekh combination” can be quickly determined to eat problems with the disk or not. If problems are present, then they can be studied in more detail by independently considering the values ​​of the system S.M.A.R.T.

The parameter “Technology” in Crystaldiskinfo can take one of their three values:

  • “Good”. the disk is normal, there are no serious problems.
  • “Alarm”. the disk already has certain problems. For example, it can be unstable sectors, incorrigible sector errors or a small number of reassigned sectors.
  • “Bad”. disk in critical condition. This is usually caused by a large number of reassigned sectors.

At the bottom of the Crystaldiskinfo window, a table with a list of system parameters is displayed.M.A.R.T. Using these data, you can independently study the values ​​of S.M.A.R.T. and evaluate what condition the disk is in.

  • “ID” and “attribute”. the identifier of the problem, is used to search for information about the parameter.
  • “Current” (Value or Current). the current value of the parameter of the system S.M.A.R.T. This is an abstract value that does not have certain units of measurements. The current value may change during the work of the drive. By default, this parameter is 100 or 200 and if problems with the disk occur, this value is reduced. In other words, this is not the real current value of the parameter of the system S.M.A.R.T., and a certain meaning that was exhibited by the system. There are different opinions, relative whether S is really S.M.A.R.T. correctly sets this parameter. According to a common opinion, more accurately and more correctly to focus on the parameter “RAW”. If you discard disputes, the lower the “current” parameter, the more damaged the drive. In this case, this parameter must be compared with the value of the “threshold”, which indicates the minimum permissible value.
  • “The worst” (Worst) is the smallest value to which the “current” parameter was lowered.
  • “Threshold” (Threshold). the lower threshold, below which the “current” parameter should not fall. The “threshold” parameter is a constant that is installed by the drive manufacturer. If the “current” parameter dropped below the “threshold”, then this means that the disk is seriously damaged.
  • “RAW meaning” is the most accurate indicator of the state of the drive. This is no longer abstract value, as the “current” parameter, but a real number of problems with the disk, which was recorded by the system S.M.A.R.T. The “RAW” parameter is displayed in the hexadecimal measurement system, but it can be translated into a deceptive system using a conventional calculator. It is believed that the “RAW” parameter affects the indications of the “current” parameter, but it is not rarely that these two parameters diverge strongly with each other. Therefore, when analyzing the state of the disk by s.M.A.R.T. First of all, you should pay attention to the “RAW meaning”.

List of system parameters S.M.A.R.T. Fighting enough. Below we will consider the most serious problems that most often lead to a breakdown of hard drives (HDD):

  • The reassigned sectors (05). the number of sectors that were reassigned to another disk area. When the drive finds an error of reading or recording, it marks this sector as “reassigned” and transfers data from this sector to a specially designated reserve area. Because of this, you can not always see BAD blocks on modern hard drives, since all of them have already been transferred to the working sectors. The process of reassignment of sectors is called “REMApping”, and the reassigned sector is “REMAP”. The “RAW” parameter contains the exact number of reassigned sectors and an increase in this value may indicate a deterioration in the state of the pancakes of the disk.
  • Positioning errors (07). error frequency in the positioning of the magnetic heads of the disk. An increase in this parameter indicates a problem with mechanics, damage to the surface of the disk or overheating.
  • Repeated promotion (0a). the number of attempts to re.dispute the disk. An increase in this parameter indicates the problem with the mechanics of the disk.
  • Team Timout (BC)-the number of interrupted operations due. An increase in this parameter indicates a problem with poor contact or disk power.
  • Revaluation events (C4). the number of attempts to reassign the sector to another area. Both successful and unsuccessful reassignment are taken into account. As in the previous case, the greater the value of the RAW parameter, the worse the disk state.
  • Unstable sectors (C5). the number of sectors that are considered candidates for reassignment. These sectors have not yet been defined as bad, but they are already able to read problems. If in the future such a sector begins to work normally, then it will be excluded from the list of unstable. Otherwise, the hard drive tries to restore it and will fulfill its reassignment to the reserve area. The values ​​of “RAW” for this parameter may indicate a gradual degradation of the drive.
  • Incorrigible sectors (C6). the number of problem sectors that cannot be reassigned to another disk area. In the case of an increase in the “RAW” value for this parameter, there is a likelihood of critical damage to the surface or mechanics of the hard disk.
  • Disc displacement (DC). the distance of the displacement of the disc block from the spindle. Can occur after falling or blow. An increase in this parameter indicates the problem with the mechanics of the disk.

The perfectly serviceable hard drive has all the parameters indicated above should be zero. In other words, the value “0” should be indicated in the “RAW meaning” field.

For solid.state drives (SSD) there are own parameters S.M.A.R.T., which may indicate serious problems, for example:

  • Record errors (AB, B5)-the number of unsuccessful attempts to record in flash memory. With the wear of the cells of the flash memory, they can no longer be recorded and go into a state “only for reading”. In this case, the RAW value of this parameter increases.
  • Washing errors (AC, B6)-the number of unsuccessful attempts to erase the flash memory. The process of recording data in the flash memory cells consists of two stages: erasing old data and recording new. With the wear of the cells of the flash memory, they can no longer be erased and go into a state “only for reading”. In this case, the RAW value of this parameter increases. programs for checking a hard disk

Standard programs are compatible with hard drives (HDD) and solid.state drives (SSD). They are also suitable not only for internal, but also for external discs. The type of your drive and other information about it can be found in the documentation for the device.


You can check the disc in Windows by means of a utility available in the drive menu. To start it, open the conductor and click on the disk with the right mouse button, the diagnosis of which you want to do. Select “Properties” → “Service” → “Check”.

If you see the option “check and restore damaged sectors”, mark it. Follow the instructions on the screen until the check is completed. Sometimes the process takes several hours: the total time depends on the speed of the disk and the power of the computer. If you check the laptop drive, connect the device to the mains.

On some computers, tools for checking a hard disk are built directly in the BIOS. For example, on the HP brand laptops, the Primary Hard Disk Self Test option is available (“The Major Wax Disk Auto Test), which can be used even when a hard drive refuses to load Windows.

Perhaps there is a similar function on your device. You can go to the BIOS by pressing F2, F8 or another key that is displayed immediately after the computer is turned on and look for a checking tool. Having discovered it, start the diagnosis and follow the tips on the screen.


To check the drives on computers, the “disk utility” serves. Find and run it in the Finder → “Programs” → “Utilities”. Then select the disk on the side panel, click “First aid” and follow the tips of the system. The utility will search for problems and in case of detection will try to fix them. In rare cases, the process can drag on for several hours. programs for checking a hard disk

The standard diagnostic tool is enough for most situations. But still some mistakes can skip.

Fighting disk manufacturers offer free programs for a more thorough check of their devices. As an example, SEATOOLS for Seagate and Data Lifeguard Diagnostic drives for Western Digital discs can be cited. Such utilities are easy to use and often contain detailed instructions in Russian. You can find a program for your hard disk on the manufacturer’s website.

Among Windows users with a certain baggage of technical knowledge, Victoria utility compatible with discs of different brands is very popular. She performs a deep analysis of the drive and restores it. But the developer has long stopped its support, so there is no guarantee that Victoria is suitable for all modern devices. In addition, it is complex and in the hands of an inexperienced user can damage a hard drive. So it is hardly worth recommending it to beginners.

Whether a specific SSD-drive program supports or only HDD, you can learn from its official description. It also applies to support for external discs.

If the diagnostic tool you have chosen finds errors that cannot be corrected, then there is a risk of losing personal data. In this case, it is advisable to copy important files to another medium and try to restore Windows or MacOS. If a hard drive continues to work with failures, it is better to replace it.

Victoria 4 errors check.46

If you do not want to record an ISO-image and download from a computer from a disk, then you can use the Victoria 4 program.46, which works from the Windows operating system. You can download this version of the program, for example, here.

After loading you will receive an archive that will need to be unpacked to any folder. To launch the Victoria 4 program.46 Open the folder with the contents of the archive and run the VCR446F program.EXE. After starting, you will see the main Victoria window, it will look approximately as in the picture below.

The study of the program should start from the Standart tab. Here, on the right side of the screen is a list of hard drives that Victoria was able to determine that information about the current chosen drive is displayed on the left (if you wish, you can choose another), and there is a log of events, errors and other information from below.

To check the hard drive for errors, you need to open the “Tests” tab. Here you must first press the PASSP button (to get information about the drive), and then on the “Start” button (to run the check).

After that, you just need to wait for the program to finish checking the hard drive.

In the process of verification, the Victoria program will find failure and problem blocks of the drive, the number of which will be displayed in the column on the right, as well as in the lower part of the screen.

The results of checking the working hard disk

A fully working hard drive should pass all the above tests without problems. The Crystaldiskinfo program should have an assessment of “good”, manual testing of recording and reading should take place without difficulty, and the HD Tune and Victoria programs should not find any problems. If you have everything that way, then most likely your hard drive is completely working and will work for a long time.

But, of course, there are no guarantees here and cannot be. Therefore, the only way to reliably protect your data is to backup. The most important data (personal photos, videos, documents) should always be stored on several drives.

Creator of the Comp-Security site.NET, author of more than 2000 articles on computer repair, work with programs, setting up operating systems.

Ask a question in the Комментарии и мнения владельцев under the article or on the “Ask Question” page and you will definitely get an answer.


Convenient Crystaldiskinfo application with open source is designed to check the hard drive on a computer, laptop, server.

If you think how to check the HDD, then this utility is one of the best and comfortable:

  • You can choose a language, including Russian.
  • Shows the current temperature of the drive.
  • Works on the basis of algorithm s.M. A.R.T.
  • In the report, you can see detailed information about the work of the disk.
  • Can work in automatic mode.

Another advantage is sending a report to the user’s email address.

Seagate Seatools

Seagate Seatools utility. free application from an unknown developer. Easy to use and is designed for a standard analysis of the speed of reading and recording a hard disk. It does not have any unnecessary functions, including in software, a detailed report is not provided for specific indicators.

Seagate Seatools

Seagate Seatools utility. free application from an unknown developer. Easy to use and is designed for a standard analysis of the speed of reading and recording a hard disk. It does not have any unnecessary functions, including in software, a detailed report is not provided for specific indicators.

Western Digital Data Lifeguard Diagnostic

The Western Digital Data Lifeguard Diagnostic app is intended for advanced users due to the presence of some functions, for example, deep formatting of a hard disk without the possibility of restoring at least some data.

check, condition, hard, disk

The utility also allows you to check the HDD for broken sectors and reassign them, which allows you not to record information on them in order to avoid its incorrect record and loss as a result.

Checking hard drive by Windows 7

If you began to notice that when accessing certain folders or computer files, it starts to work slowly, we recommend checking the hard drive for the presence of broken clusters.

For initial verification, there is no need for special programs, it is enough to use the standard means of the Windows 7 operating system.

In addition to detecting errors, there is also a function of their automatic correction and restoration of the ability to read and write on a hard drive.

In addition to diagnosing hard drives, the tool can also be used to diagnose removable media (USB-, SD cards, pr.).

Before checking the disk, close all programs and applications.

Press the start, in the program search for programs we write “my computer”, select the item found by the system. In the central window we see a list of hard drives.

Click with the right button on the hard drive, which must be checked, select “Properties”.

We go to the “Service” tab and click the “check” button, in the window that opens, put the “automatically correct systemic errors” flag and click the “launch” button.

For the initial diagnosis, these settings are enough.

check, condition, hard, disk

For a more detailed diagnosis, it is necessary to install another flag in the field “Check and restore damaged sectors”.

In this mode, the check may take more time than in the previous.

If the disk you selected is systemic, t.e. It has an operating system, it is impossible to check at a given time, When checking, the disk must be disconnected.

In this case, the system will give a warning window and offer to perform a check before the next launch of Windows (“Disk Schedule”).

If the disk you selected is not systemic, there is no need to reboot the computer, before checking, the system will offer it to disable it.

You need to click “disable” in the corresponding window, after which the check will begin.

After the audit, we will see a window with its results.

The presence of broken sectors, the first sign that after some time the hard drive will fail.

Therefore, in order to avoid loss of valuable information, we recommend not to waste time and immediately copy all valuable data on another physical hard drive.

Review of programs to check drives

To diagnose a hard drive, there are a fairly large number of diverse utilities of various functionality and amenities with a free or paid type of licensing.

MHDD is a fast, free, compact program for working with drives at a low level developed in 2000 by Dmitry Troster.

Условные предложения – три типа / Conditionals: real & unreal

The program is focused on professionals and has an ascetic DOS-intense.

In addition to diagnosis, the program can perform reading/recording arbitrary sectors, control the SMART and the password system, the noise control system, produce extreme testing, work with the steering system of the drive, pr.

Before working with the program, in order to avoid damage to the diagnosed equipment, the developer strongly recommends that you familiarize yourself with the documentation for the program available on the official website.

HDDEXPERT is a free utility, the principle of operation of which is to transform the SMART information of drives into user perception and analysis data.

The program provides complete information about the hard drives of the computer (performance, error, warning, temperature) and has the ability to test their performance.

In addition to finding errors, the utility gives recommendations for their correction.

Despite the lack of support of the Russian language, the program has a simple integration, which even a beginner can understand.

The features of the program are limited by the parameters of SMART technologies, so there is no need to count on serious diagnosis and testing.

check, condition, hard, disk

gives recommendations to eliminate problems;

Victoria. For testing hard drives, as well as to eliminate some problems in 99% of cases, the program is suitable. Victoria.

It was developed by the Belarusian programmer Sergei Kazan, absolutely free, has a small size (up to 1 MB) and works with hard drives at the port level, t.e. at the lowest level, which allows you to achieve high operational qualities.

Thanks to these characteristics, the programs prefer to use the specialists of service centers.

In addition to more complex tasks, the program allows you to perform a number of tasks for the average PC user:

  • perform low.level testing,
  • determine the average value of access time,
  • Manage the noise level,
  • to erase information without the possibility of subsequent recovery and much more.

Among other things, the program is capable of working in Windows and DOS.

DOS-mode is relevant when the operating system cannot be loaded and it is necessary to check the hard disk.

-The project does not develop and some of the widespread versions of the utility have the English language and do not support work in 64-bit OS.

The problem is solved by downloading alternative versions of the program created by the community.

Using SeaTools to Test a “bad” disk

HDD Regenerator download

A practical and affordable tool for monitoring the condition of the hard drive, coordinating its functioning and restoring the detected breakdowns.

Thanks to the algorithm of rehabilitation, the software “reanimates” the broken sectors, at the physical level scans and controls “health”. HDD Regenerato works with different FS, forms loading CD/DVDs and USB Flash discs, operates through DOS and selects the range of work.

Acronis disk director download

We will complete our review by a universal product for versatile control of hard disks, control of disk space and control of its sections.

Acronis Discount Diser unites/breaks the HDD, hides damaged areas, transfers OS to SSD, converts MBR into GPT, works with dynamic arrays, clones the discs, puts passwords and much more. There is an option for recovery data, download manager and sections.