How to switch from Windows to Mac?
In Windows on Mac do one of the following. Restarting with the Startup Manager. Restart your Mac, then immediately press and hold the Option key. Once the boot manager window appears, release the Option key, select the macOS boot drive, then press the Return key.
As you know, there are two ways to switch the operating system on your Mac: Hold down the Option key at the startup of your computer. In the menu that appears, we will be able to select the desired drive.
How to open a Windows program on a Mac?
Simply click the Launchpad icon (shaped like a rocket) in the Dock. After that, click on the desired Mac OS X application to open it. To open a Windows program, click on the Windows folder and then click on the program you want.
- Run the “Boot Camp Assistant” (you can do this using Spotlight search or by finding the utility in Finder. Programs. Utilities).
- Click the “Continue” button in the first utility window, then select “Uninstall Windows 7 or newer” and click “Continue”.
How to install hackintosh on a Windows laptop. It doesn’t hurt
Hackintosh (or OSx86) is a project concerned with running the macOS operating system on personal computers with x86 microprocessors.
This trend began in 2005, when Apple officially announced a complete switch from the PowerPC platform to the x86. In fact, since that time, macs have ceased to be different from most Windows computers at the hardware level.
Entire communities of hackers are working on adapting and optimizing their own macOS builds, which can be installed on computers that match the components.
At the beginning, the list of supported hardware was rather poor, but later Apple started using various components, including their support in the system, and developers learned how to run popular modules with so-called ceksts (drivers analogue).
What was hackintosh at its conception
About ten years ago I took a close interest in the subject myself, and tried and experimented with installing macOS on an old home system.
I had to make point-by-point upgrades, burn different builds to dual-layer DVDs, and spend hours trying to match the cc’s to the installed PC components.
On the other hand, it was a double-edged sword. On the one hand the Apple operating system seemed like a breath of fresh air after continuous work with Windows. Easy and pleasant interface, application as a single file with no need to install, no system registry and therefore no malicious viruses.
On the other hand, to work comfortably I had to go through one system build after another for days on end, regularly experimenting and struggling with emerging issues.
At the time, my hardware still did not allow me to get macOS to work stable. I was lucky enough to see a real Mac and the way the operating system worked on my system did not stand up to scrutiny.
What has changed today
Now that I have a good laptop with the right stuffing, I decided to go back to the topic of hackintosh. Before that I had been running MacBook Pro and Mac mini for more than five years and had a good knowledge of macOS and already knew how the system should ideally work.
Today building a system box for a hackintosh is no problem at all. There are dozens of matching components for every position and you can even find the perfect match for what Apple uses in their Mac mini, iMac, and Mac Pro.
Enthusiasts from around the world have long been assembling desktop computers for Hackintosh, and get great performance for the price of a Mac, or a similarly priced computer several times cheaper.
Things are a little different with laptops.
Why Hackintosh on a Laptop
Users who try to run macOS on laptops can be roughly divided into two groups.
Some need Apple’s operating system for development. Writing applications for macOS or iOS from under Windows is impossible, and the work on a virtual machine has many limitations.
Others just want a notebook with macOS for less money than a MacBook.
The first are less restricted in the choice of models, because they can easily survive the failure of one or more components. For example, the problems with the webcam or card reader will not worry too much about writing an application for iOS programmer.
The second for comfortable work must carefully choose a laptop, which will be able to start all the hardware, without exception.
The third option is not given here. No serious work with graphics or video editing on a laptop with hackintosh is out of the question. No way to run a discrete graphics card properly yet.
There are too many flaws and shortcomings with all of the existing options. Hackintosh for graphics or video. only stationary.
Otherwise, you can get a good MacBook/MacBook Air/MacBook Pro 13″ analogues.
What to look for
If you choose a notebook for trouble-free running macOS, the experts recommend Asus Vivobook X-series or ACER Swift 3.
Both models are almost ideal for a hackintosh installation, you can flexibly adjust the parameters to your needs. Judge for yourself: you can get a notebook like this for 67K.
It will definitely be superior to the stock 13″ midget for around 90k and will be competitive with the top-of-the-line 13″ model for around 140k.
And the user will have a full set of ports and no controversial touchpad. And don’t forget about discrete graphics, which will work great under Windows, for example, for games or video editing.
If you choose a model for development, and be prepared for the fact that some components “won’t start”, then you can take either a stylish ultrabook or a powerful gaming machine.
Basically all that matters is having the right processor, everything else is solvable (almost).
What may not run
About discrete graphics I have already mentioned above. It is better not to rely on it when working with hackintosh. Either choose a model with integrated graphics only, or completely disable the discrete card for macOS.
The third option promises long hours of dancing with tambourine and rather dim prospects.
This module is in the risk zone. With a high degree of probability you will have to either buy an external USB unit or change the internal board.
It is not difficult to do, suitable modules are sold on the same AliExpress and can be changed in 10-15 minutes. At the same time, after installing such a unit, you can almost always run all the pogrom chips like Handoff, Continuity, etc.п.
The memory card receiver is pretty problematic to replace, and the chances of getting the native one to work are about 50/50. If this is one of the main requirements, it is better to choose a model with a 100% suitable unit at once.
Another place for potential problems to arise. Modules may have a specific wiring scheme that will make it impossible for them to work in macOS.
For example, HDMI images in notebooks with discrete graphics can be displayed through a powerful card, and that, in turn, may not work in a hackintosh.
Of course, even the most hackintosh-appropriate laptops don’t have the clarity and smoothness of the touchpad that the MacBook does. The touchpad will either just work or refuse to start at all.
What are macOS loaders?
macOS loaders are special programs which allow you to run the macOS operating system on devices other than Apple’s. Basically, it’s a port of macOS to other hardware. The most popular are OpenCore and Clover. Their functionality is almost identical, except for a couple of things. Also, one device can run OpenCore and the other Clover. when it comes to Hackintosh, it’s individual as you like. But I will not talk about the specs of each boot loader. Today, we will talk about OpenCore installation.
But before we install macOS Big Sur on your computer’s physical hard drive, let’s look at how to install the system on a VMWare virtual machine. This method is good because it allows you to try a Mac operating system without formatting your Windows hard drive.
- Install VMWare. you can download it from the official site.
- Next, you need to unlock the macOS 11 installation feature. To do this, you must additionally download unlocker at the link, open it as an administrator (file win-install.cmd), wait for additional files to load, and run VMWare again.
- Click on Create new virtual machine.
- Follow the instructions on the screen.
- Apple MacOS X appears in the list of operating systems. choose macOS 11.0 or 11.1.
- Continue to configure the virtual machine. Allocate at least 36 GB of virtual hard drive, at least 2 or recommended 4 gigabytes of RAM, 2 CPU cores, and in the CD/DVD line you need to select the downloaded macOS Big Sur image.
- Open the folder with the virtual machine and find the 2K file xxxxxxxxxx.vmx (where x is the name of the virtual machine).
- Open the file with Notepad and at the end insert the line smc.version = “0” and save your changes.
- Start the virtual machine.
- An apple should appear, and then the macOS Big Sur installation menu will open.
- You need to format the virtual drive and install the system according to the instructions.
After installing and configuring macOS Big Sur for the first time, you may notice that the resolution is very low, it is impossible to change it, and the interface slows down. To fix this you will need to:
VMWare Tools ISO image.
- Go into the virtual machine’s advanced settings. CD/DVD.
- Instead of the system image, you need to put the newly downloaded VMWare Tools ISO file.
- Turn on the virtual machine and open the VMWare Tools file on your macOS Big Sur desktop.
- Click Install VMWare Tools.
- Follow the installer prompts on the screen.
- After the installation is complete, you will be prompted to reboot the virtual machine. agree by clicking Reboot Now.
Once enabled, more video memory will be allocated and the virtual machine’s display resolution will match your monitor or laptop screen.
Compatible Wi-Fi cards (mini-PCI)
List of recommended Mac OS X compatible cards:. HP Probook 4x30s: branded HP Atheros AR5B195. HP Probook 6x60b/5330m, HP Elitebook 8x60p/2x60p: branded HP Broadcom 43224HMS (582564-001/582564-002). Other notebooks:
WI-FI only: Atheros AR9280/9285, Broadcom 4322/43224 (best OS X compatibility) WI-FI Bluetooth modules: AR5B195 (not recommended), Broadcom 43225HMB/4352HMB (best OS X compatibility)
What we need to do
Format your flash drive with Mac OS Extended. 2. Launch the macOS Sierra Patcher. 3. Put an image of your operating system on it. 4. In the program window, select the USB drive in Target Volume and click Start Operation.
Boot your Mac with a USB flash drive (press Alt when you turn on your laptop).
Open “Disk Utility.”.
Format the desired partition and select it under “Sierra”.
Took the first 7 steps? Good for you! You can start the installation.
Take a break, you’ve earned it! Kitty cat for your efforts. 🙂
After completing the installation, restart your laptop and boot again from the flash drive. Now you need to select macOS Post Install.
You will see a window pop up to select your device. Choose your notebook model safely. The tool will automatically determine the necessary settings for the correct operation of the system. Then press Patch.
Then click on Select Volume in the dropdown menu and select the partition where the “axis” is installed.
Once the patch is on the OS, select Reboot. The system will reboot and you will need some time to finalize the settings.
That’s it, the “Mac” has rebooted and the system is ready to go!
With these simple manipulations we have reached our goal. macOS Sierra is installed and ready to use. Congratulations!
All it takes is a little patience. Two weeks ago Apple released the first beta version of macOS Sierra for developers. Unfortunately, not all Mac models support the new operating system. If you are hungry to try the OS on your old notebook, we have a solution for you. Warning: You do everything at your own risk. What we need.
What we need
Format it as Mac OS Extended. 2. Launch macOS Sierra patcher. 3. Specify the OS image in it. 4. In the program window, select the USB drive in Target Volume and click on Start Operation.
Startup Mac with USB key (press Alt key while powering up your notebook).
Open “Disk Utility”.
Format the needed partition and select it under “Sierra”.
You have done first 7 steps? Well done! You are ready to install.
Take a break, you’ve earned it. Keep the kitty for your efforts. 🙂
When the installation is complete, restart your laptop and boot again from the flash drive. Now choose macOS Post Install.
The Select Device window will pop up before your eyes. Feel free to choose your notebook model. The utility will automatically determine the necessary settings for the correct operation of the system. Then click on Patch.
Then in the drop down menu click Select Volume and select the partition where the “axis” is installed.
Once the patch is on the OS, select Reboot. The system will reboot, it will take some time to finalize the settings.
That’s it, the “Mac” has rebooted and the system is ready to go!
With these simple manipulations we have achieved our goal. macOS Sierra is installed and ready to work. Congratulations!
All it takes is a little patience. Two weeks ago, Apple released the first beta version of macOS Sierra to developers. Unfortunately, not all Mac models support the new operating system. If you’re burning to try out the OS on your old laptop, we’ve got the solution for you. Warning: You do everything at your own risk. What we need.
In short: Catalina is fine?
The Cupertinians released a minor update. The list of changes isn’t particularly impressive. It could have been called High Mojave or Snow Mojave.
On the other hand, the situation is normal. The system is stable, even the first developer’s test version is quite usable. It runs on the same computers as Mojave without any problems or performance hit.
You can safely install to see the world without iTunes, try the iPad as a second screen with an in-house Sidecar chip, or get the latest version of Xcode.
P.S. I will tell you my impressions about the system later.