How to set up your laptop as a router

How to give out Wi-Fi from your laptop

Today we will talk about how to share the Internet via Wi-Fi with a laptop or a computer with an appropriate wireless adapter. What you might need it for? For example, you have purchased a tablet or phone and would like to connect to the Internet with it at home without buying a router. In this case, you can give out Wi-Fi from a laptop that is connected to the network both wired and through a wireless connection. Let’s take a look at how to do this. Let’s look at three ways to make your laptop a router. Methods of distributing Wi-Fi from a laptop are considered for Windows 7, Windows 8, they will also work for Windows 10. If you prefer non-standard, or do not like to install additional programs. you can go directly to the method, in which the implementation of Wi-Fi distribution will be organized by using the Windows command line.

And just in case: if you find a free program somewhere Wi-Fi HotSpot Creator, I strongly recommend it not to download and use. in addition to itself it will install a lot of unnecessary “junk” on your computer, even if you refuse to do so. See. Also: handing out Wi-Fi internet in Windows 10 using the command line.

your, laptop, router

Update 2015. Since writing the guide, there have been some nuances regarding Virtual Router Plus and Virtual Router Manager that we decided to add information about. In addition, the manual added another program for distributing Wi-Fi from a laptop, with extremely positive reviews, described an additional method without using programs for Windows 7, and at the end of the guide describes the typical problems and errors encountered by users trying to distribute the Internet using these methods.

Setting up a laptop that will give out Wi-Fi

Let’s begin by setting up the access point. The Asus K56cm laptop which will be distributing Wi-Fi at my place is already connected to the Internet.

And in the notification panel, the Internet connection status should look like this:

If you have everything like I do, then you can start setting up the connection.

Manual on how to connect a laptop to a Wi-Fi router

A laptop is an extremely handy device that would definitely come in handy in the life of almost everyone who is no stranger to modern technology. Perhaps the most notable advantages of a laptop are its portability and ease of connection to a wireless network. In this article, we’ll take an in-depth look at how to connect any laptop to a Wi-Fi router.

How to connect a laptop to a Wi-Fi router

So, in total there are two types of connection between the laptop and the Wi-Fi router: with a Wi-Fi adapter installed in it and with the help of an Ethernet interface. The easiest connection is made with the help of a Wi-Fi adapter, which is present in all modern models of laptops. Perhaps you will not find a Wi-Fi adapter only on some really old monsters, which it is unclear how they survived to this day.

The second type of connection. via an Ethernet interface (cable). is performed only if the user is in a predisposition to this, for example, if the Wi-Fi adapter in a laptop is out of order, Wi-Fi signal is weak, you need to perform the initial setup of Wi-Fi router, etc.д. Also sometimes some users resort to it, if they have a combined case: a short cable from the provider, not reaching the right place, and a broken Wi-Fi adapter on the laptop.

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Let’s start with the simplest one. connecting the laptop to the router via wireless Wi-Fi network or “over the air”.

How to Connect a Laptop to a Router via Wi-Fi

This type of connection is the easiest and most practical. You are free to move your laptop to any location you want in your living area, but it will still be connected to your Wi-Fi router‘s wireless network.

To connect your laptop to the router via Wi-Fi you only need to do a few steps. Considering that a lot of users are switching or are already on Windows 10 operating system. we’ll give you an example on it. So, do the following:

  • turn on the Wi-Fi router;
  • Go to your laptop and activate the Wi-Fi adapter on it with the combination on your keyboard (find the button with the Wi-Fi icon and press it in conjunction with the Fn key);
  • click on the Wi-Fi icon located in the Notification panel, next to the clock;
  • find in the list of available connections the name of your Wi-Fi router and click on it;
  • click on the button “Connect”;
  • enter, if necessary, the password from the network the Wi-Fi router is sharing, and click “Next”.

After pressing the last button your notebook will be connected to the Wi-Fi network. You can safely use it, carry it from place to place in the living room, etc.д. That’s how simple it is. In most cases this type of connection to the Wi-Fi router is used. Let’s now look at the next type of connection, which is used far less often or out of necessity.

How to Connect a Laptop to a Router via Cable

Let’s now look at connecting a laptop to a router over a cable. Primarily this type of connection is resorted to if the laptop Wi-Fi adapter is broken, or for the initial setup of the Wi-Fi router. Let’s imagine that you have a brand new Wi-Fi router, fresh out of the box:

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  • First, read all the information on the box of the router, especially the address that allows you to enter its configuration interface;
  • connect your Wi-Fi router to the mains using the included power supply;
  • plug your ISP’s Ethernet cable into the WAN port on the router (everything should be labeled on it);
  • Take two-way Ethernet cable (usually supplied), one end connect to any free LAN-port on the router body, and the other end to the Ethernet-port of the laptop;
  • open the browser on your laptop and go to the address that was listed on the box of the device, for example 192.168.1.1;
  • set up your router according to the network connection your ISP has given you (choose the type of connection, enter the necessary data, etc).д. etc.п.) and activate Wi-Fi networking.

Once you have done everything correctly your notebook will automatically find a network connection available and the router will start distributing the Wi-Fi. If you have done the initial setup of Wi-Fi router, and if everything is ok with your laptop Wi-Fi adapter, then you can use the first point in the article to connect your device to the Wi-Fi router.

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Setting up a wireless connection using the command line

This method scares many inexperienced PC users with its apparent complexity. But in fact it is very simple and straightforward. To do this, you have to run the program window as administrator. Having performed this operation, we start writing the following commands:

  • “netsh wlan show drivers”. With this line we will find out if the laptop supports the built-in adapter. After executing the command, the word “Yes” should pop up;
  • “netsh wlan set hostednetwork mode=allow ssid=”network name” key=”password””. this is how you name the connection and enter your personal password;
  • “netsh wlan start hostednetwork”. This command will activate the wireless connection;
  • “netsh wlan stop hostednetwork”. after entering this line and pressing Enter, the Wi-Fi signal will stop.

It is important to know that every time the system is rebooted, the connection will be reset. You will therefore have to reconfigure the network.

Change router settings password (administrator password)

Setting a wireless-only password is not enough. It is equally important to protect the router itself. The standard password to enter the router’s settings, listed on the bottom panel, is usually too simple. Outsiders can guess it. To avoid this, think of a more complex combination.

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Set a new password in the settings, which is called “System”, “Device”, “System Tools” or similar.

How to set up a local computer network: step-by-step instructions from Admin Service. Articles

Computer local networks, in contrast to the global, provide communication between computers within a single room, and regardless of its size. It can be an apartment or a large shopping mall.

There are also heterogeneous (mixed) networks, when computers or other devices with different operating systems or with different data transfer protocols are interconnected. Within one local network you can connect not only computers and notebooks, but also other multimedia devices (TVs, game consoles, music centers, etc.).д.

) By setting up this kind of system properly, you can watch movies or listen to music from your computer media, on your TV or audio system, quickly exchange files, and more.д.

In this article, we’ll look at an example of how to set up a local network for home use. Even the average user can cope with the task. We consider the case, when all computers are installed on the familiar to Russian users Windows 7 system (the procedure is almost no different for setting up a home network under Windows 8 or Vista).

The first stage is the selection of equipment

Setup begins with selecting the right network component. You can choose from switch, router, or wireless access point. And they can be combined if you plan to create not only a local network but also a WAN connection. What is the difference between these devices?

  • A simple home network switch only provides a wired connection between computers. It has no other functions (we will not consider special “smart” devices that ISPs use). Computers and multimedia devices are connected to this network switch by wires. In stores, UTP5 cables with crimped ends are called patch cords and are sold in different lengths. The length of each patch-cord for a home LAN does not matter, because from device to device the signal passes through the cable up to 150 meters without degradation.
  • Router, or router. This network component not only connects local network points, but can also provide access to the Internet. Many modern models support both wired and wireless communication devices of the internal system (via WI-FI).
  • Wireless access point for home use will connect your gadgets with each other exclusively via WI-FI. Please note that it can be connected to computers that have a wireless network card, and almost all modern phones and tablets without exception have access to WI-FI.
your, laptop, router

For the easiest connection of home computers into one system comes with a relatively cheap switch. expensive are routers and wireless spots. Choose the right components based on your needs and finances. On the market they are presented in large quantities.

The second step is setting up the local network (via a switch)

If you choose simple switch and connect computers to it with cable we go straight to the step of setting parameters for each computer or device.

In Windows 7 we should click on the Start menu, select Control Panel and click on the Network Control Center tab.

By clicking on the name of the network (Home Network, Enterprise Network, etc.) you can move on to the creation of a workgroup (but it is better not to complicate the process by canceling the system offer).д.), you can go on to create a workgroup (but it is better to keep it simple and disable the system’s suggestion). On the left side you will see Change advanced sharing settings. Make sure that Network Discovery, File and Printer Sharing, Folder Sharing and any other settings you want are enabled. Perform the above steps on each computer/laptop!

Now configure the network cards. In the Network Control Center click on Local Area Connection.

On the window that will appear, click on Properties and then click on Internet Protocol version 4 (TCP/IPv4) and again click on Properties. In the window that appears we choose Use the following IP-address and write the IP for the first (main) computer. 192.168.0.1, and the subnet mask is 255.255.255.0.

The line with the gateway number is not specified if the local network has no access to the Internet. We do the same on all the other devices, but we change the last digit of the IP address to 2, 3, 4, etc.д.

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The number of plugged-in computers is usually related to the number of outputs at the hub which varies from 8 to 16 or even more. This type of connection, with certain settings, which we will talk about a little later, allows you to connect all the computers in a single local network.

Apart from that this type of connection allows computers to be online independently of each other. Even if one computer disconnects from the network, the others will continue to work. To implement a network through a hub we need a special network cable which will connect each computer to the network.

This cable is also known as “twisted pair”.

Step three. Check the network settings

Now you can check if your LAN is set up correctly. To do this in the Start menu search for cmd and hit Enter, in the window that will appear, type the word ping, followed by a space, the address of the desired computer, for example, ping 192.168.0.3. If everything was done correctly, you will see a message about successful packet exchange and response time. If the settings have not been made correctly, then you will see messages about exceeding the timeout interval for the request.

The second step is to configure local network (for the router)

If you are using a router in your system, setting up a regular “local loop” is no different from the above steps for the switch. But if you want to connect computers in your local network to the Internet, the procedure changes radically. We configure only the router, and for all devices connected to the home network we set the item Obtain IP-addresses automatically in the network card settings.

Creating a wireless access point using the Windows menu

The easiest way to create a virtual router is to use OS built-in “Network Control Center” function. To do this, you need to:

  • In the system tray click the WAN access icon and select the required item.
  • In the window that opens, activate “Create new connection” and then go to “Connect to Wi-Fi network manually” (“PC-PC network setup”).
  • Specify the name of the future wireless network (e.g. VirtualRouter), security type and access key. Using the security key, you can prevent third parties from connecting to Wi-Fi. As security, it is recommended to use WPA2-Personal type that allows setting password from 8 characters. If your phone can’t find the network protected by WPA-2, try to change the encryption to WEP or skip the password altogether.
  • Click “Next” to create the Wi-Fi hotspot.

After the virtual router is created, to successfully use the Internet through it you may additionally need to enable sharing. This is done as follows:

  • Go into “Network Control Center” and call the properties of the network through which the laptop is connected to the Internet.
  • In the tab “Access” check the item “Allow other users to use the Internet on this PC.
  • Choose the device that will connect your phone or other device. In our case the access will be provided via Wi-Fi.

Once everything has been done we turn on the cell phone Wi-Fi and start searching for available networks. In the drop-down list select the name of the network, which was specified during the creation of the virtual Wi-Fi router, and specify the specified key.

Retrieve the password to enter the TP-Link router settings

If you have forgotten your password to enter the settings of your Tp-Link router, you can restore the factory settings and password.

To do this, on the back of the router press the Reset button for 8-10 seconds.

Then you can access the router‘s settings at 192.168.1.1 with the default username admin and password admin and configure the access point.