How to transfer consciousness to a computer. Michael Graziano’s book “Science of Consciousness…

At the end of the XVIII century, masters learned to make musical boxes. small intricate mechanisms that themselves lost the melodies. Some of them built bells, drums, organs and even violins, everything was regulated by a rotating cylinder. The most daring example is miniature orchestras: for example, the Panharmonicon, invented in 1805 in Vienna, or the orchestra, which was first built in 1851 in Dresden, and then began to be produced massively.

However, the technology had restrictions. In order for the “violin” to sound convincing, the master had to create a small simulacrum of violin. and this is a whole achievement of engineering thought. How to recreate thrombone? Or go to? Just as they are arranged, of course. The artisans suggested that in order to get a characteristic tone, it was necessary to copy the tool entirely. Metal, wood, shape, accurate echo. all this had to be simulated. Well, how else to create an orchestral sound? The task was discouraging, writes Michael Graziano, the composer and professor of the University of Princeton.

Then, in 1877, the American inventor of Thomas Edison presented the world the first phonograph, and the history of the musical record changed.

It turned out that in order to save and recreate the sound of the instrument, you do not need to know everything about it, its materials or physical structure. The office does not need a miniature orchestra. All that is needed is to focus on one key part. Write down sound waves, turn them into information and provide them with immortality.

Imagine your future where your consciousness is immortal. When the body begins to break up, the machine scans your brain in sufficient details in order to capture its unique “filling”. The computer system uses this data to recreate brain activity. She will not need to copy every detail. Like a phonograph, it will discard all physical structures, leaving only the information essence of your template. And then you get the second. with your memories, feelings, way of thinking and making decisions, transferred to computer hardware equipment. As simple as we are copying a text file today.

BS 162 “Rethinking Consciousness” with Michael Graziano

The second version of you can live in the world-symulation-unable to feel the difference. You can walk along the street of a simulated city, feel a breath of breeze, have lunch in a cafe, speak with other simulated people, play games, watch movies, enjoy life.

transfer, consciousness, computer, michael

It may seem that the second part. imitation is more complicated, but in fact it has already been solved. Equipment for her is ready. Artificial neurons and neural networks are in use.

If it will be necessary to add additional types of synapses or calibrate the effects like hormonal, then this will not present fundamental complexity for imitating.

Even neural networks are known and understandable, consisting of millions of artificial neurons. Firms around the world strive to create systems that could compete with complexity to the brain.

For example, the Blue Brain project using supercomputers imitates massive clusters of neurons, similar to those present in the brain. Research groups of the Human Brain project, as well as the Allen Institute, Google Brain, DeepMind, Cogitai and many others are working on the creation of large.scale systems from artificial neurons networks.

The construction of a network of 86 billion neurons with 100 trillion synapses still exceeds the possibilities of today’s technology. But they develop very quickly, especially with the onset of the era of quantum computers. Undoubtedly, we will soon have enough “firepower” to simulate a neural network comparable in scale to the human brain.

Such stormy technological progress is one of the reasons for today’s optimism regarding the digitization of the psyche. The most noticeable and large fragment of the riddle is practically solved.

But it is important not to forget that the artificial neural network of the scale of the human brain, albeit a tremendous achievement, is still not the same as an digitized personality. The network itself, without the correct scheme of the connections between its 86 billion neurons, is a useless accumulation of numbers.

This is as if we developed a printer that can print the artificial brain, and came up with the material from which to print it, but did not solve the task of how to measure the necessary data in the real brain to load it into the printer. Without data, we will print a meaningless mess.

If you use the expression of David Chalmers, we can say that we have a genuine difficult problem of personality transfer: scan the brain with a sufficient degree of detail.

Imagine that somehow we managed to build an imitation of your brain. We scanned it and recreated neural networks. At the next step, it is supposed to instill a copy of the brain into the body. without it it is not clear what experience will accumulate in your artificial brain floating in a digital barrel.

After all, if imitation of the brain has the same properties as the brain of a living person, then in such a situation, as I think, it can feel disorientation and lose the feeling of her own “I”. Your personal “grounding” is rooted in your body.

You know where you are physically, where your arms, legs, torso. this gives you the primary support. If she does not, as well as contact with the world around you, bodily incarnation, I suspect that you will have to experience confusion, resembling a narcotic BEDRIP.

But now you need to decide what an artificial body to you give: a material robot that can walk around the real world, or an imitation of a body that lives in a virtual world?

When my laboratory studied how the brain controls the movement, we created an imitation of the human hand. The limb of the robot was not made from the substance. it could not be shaken, she could not feel objects. It was a virtual hand created from data on a computer. Everything we saw is a matrix of numbers on the screen.

The hand had everything necessary thanks to the scans of the real human limb. All bones, all ligaments, all muscles. She had a muscular force, viscosity, inertia, gravity. Her muscles consisted of individual fibers- fast and slowly subtle.

We gave the hand sensory neurons, alpha-metoneurons, beta-metoneurons and gamma-metoneurons. To construct a robot hand, which repeats the human hand at such a high level, it would cost millions of dollars and years of development-and not the fact that we would have succeeded. The virtual hand cost only a few thousand dollars for the computer and several months of work.

If we managed to simulate the human hand, using limited computing resources of the middle of the first decade of the XXI in., then it must already be possible to create a realistic virtual human body. in all the details of its bones, muscles, nerves and skin.

I have not heard that someone was doing this, but we must assume that you can create a super-regional avatar in a computer game, similar to a person from the inside and outside.

When we create an imitation of the brain and the virtual body, we will remain to integrate these elements into the virtual world. You can turn to computer games with the effect of presence, where three.dimensional worlds are imitated with their own “physics”. Technology has already developed almost to the level desired for this.

A truly convincing virtual world developed to the smallest visible details-in which the sound realistically spreads through the virtual space, the breeze touches virtual leather, perhaps even smells and tastes affect virtual nostrils and languages-does not yet exist. But he could.

No need to invent fundamentally new technologies. This is a matter of improving existing virtual worlds. The restriction here lies in the capacities of information processing.

Is it possible to move the human mind to the computer?

In many scientific and fantastic books and films, it is telling how in the future with the help of some unit engineers transfer the intelligence, consciousness and personality of a person to a computer or a special robot created for this, but is it possible today, today? The director of the Scientific and Council of the Center for Science and Technology of Artificial Intelligence MIPT, author of the book “Education of Machines” Sergey Shumsky answered this question.

The biggest difficulty arises in the reconstruction of human physiology: how to transfer the biochemistry of living systems to the field of semiconductor physics? The human body is constantly changing, hundreds of neural impulses pass in the brain, and it is unrealistic to scan it even during sleep. Our brain in the eternal movement, the maximum that we can do is to photograph it superficially.

At the same time, of course, science seeks to at least partially imitate the work of the brain. So, in Switzerland, scientist Henry Macrames conducts research to transfer the mouse brain to digital space. To do this, cuts the size of a micron were removed from the dead brain, photographed and created according to these data a computer model. So far, even with the help of a supercomputer, it was possible to make a model of only one millimeter of the surface of the brain. At the same time, it really looks like a mouse brain. However, in order for him to “heal”, it is necessary not only to recreate the whole brain, but also to teach it with the help of the surrounding world, which will also be virtual.

In addition, our brain speaks in the language of the outside world, therefore, for its full.fledged work, it is necessary to transfer the whole world to virtual reality. Therefore, the question is: is it worth creating a second world when we already have our own real?

plausible from an economic point of view is the idea, on the contrary, to enter artificial intelligence into our reality to improve people’s lives. Robots are created that, using machine learning, learn to be in society and provide certain services, for example, well.known voice assistants.

At the same time, artificial intelligence is brought up like people, but it is people who are introduced to all human values, morality and law. With the proper level of computing power in theory, it is possible to create artificial intelligence, not inferior, but in many areas and superior to human intelligence. In addition, the entire array of knowledge can be transmitted from the robot to the robot. this is the difference and exclusivity of machine learning.

Thus, artificial intelligence can be educated, and this mind will be immortal. However, unlike artificial intelligence, nature and evolution have not “worried” that the mind of a living being could be transferred from one body to another. There is no such integration, and it is unlikely to appear.

Комментарии и мнения владельцев

Question: Ivan died. His memory (soul, consciousness) was leaked at the same time in three computers. Which computers will continue to live in? T. e. What computer will continue its immortality? Answer: In no.

No soul, this is a fiction of believers. He will not continue to live, he will continue to live his consciousness, as a result of an experienced, or rather copy of consciousness, and the farther from the date of copying, the more different these consciousnesses will be, subject to the work of the “computer” and provided that the data entering the computer are different, and \ or that the nucleus emulating consciousness and subconscious work at least like the human brain. Puts errors and inaccuracies of interpretation.

To create AI, it makes no sense from the memory of the brain since it is a bad tool to think, it has a single.core processor, small RAM, it cannot reproduce the video, and the built.in memory is arranged so that it is poorly extracted from the vault.The crown of the creation of God

Neurolins Ilona Mask (and far from one) is engaged in the transfer of information from the brain to digital media.Individual memory in the smallest details is the “soul” of a person.When creating an digitized memory of a person and his body, we can say that a person is ready for virtual reality.,And this is already a permanent life.If you save human stem cells, then if you can transplant memory from digital media to the brain, we can talk about not virtual life, but about natural.

Roger Penrose in his book “The New Mind of the King” talked about the fundamental calculation of the brain and the processes taking place in it, t.e. The question is not in the plane of technical implementation, but in whether thinking can be considered a computational process. Its evidence of inexplicability is very popular and verified to the use of Gedel’s theorem about incompleteness to the virtual machine of Thuring, t.e. that closed axiomatics cannot prove the incompleteness of itself, in other words, the system of algorithms cannot conclude that in addition to them there may be another way to build thoughts. Therefore, the very possibility of creating true AI under a big question. Also, AI itself is also divided into several types: 1. Self.recognizing and behavior is indistinguishable from a person 2. Non.self.aware and behavior is indistinguishable from a person as easy to guess, both of these types cannot be distinguished from each other. After all, even the reality of the consciousness of someone except their “I” cannot be proved (hello, solipsists). Therefore, even if the brain is completely digitized and implanted, it will be completely incomprehensible whether it is alive or not. T.e. He can experience emotions, cry, fall in love, go crazy with the “awareness” of his immortality, can even make attempts of “suicide”, but even then no one will ever know: that he is actually. And every dying billionaire will not know what awaits him after such a housewarming. And even a scenario is possible that all people move to iron bodies and will be like real, only dead. But this is only if AI is generally possible

transfer, consciousness, computer, michael

You have no technical education ? Mention the ideas of Gedel, a man who died half a century ago, as a way of solving modern problems? Seriously? No, Gedel’s theorems are proven, I do not argue, but in AI recently used wider concepts than just numbers of quantum calculations. Even according to your reasoning, you draw the wrong conclusions. Roger Penrose, according to your opinion, is not able to describe the human brain with the help of Gedel’s theorems, and even more so, which is an attempt to reengineering. This is not at all as not applies to an attempt to recreate it, only indicates one of the mistakes on this path.

Artyom, you are right, I really have nothing to do with AI and I got an education in a completely different area and perhaps my knowledge about this area is tired, but I only allowed myself to doubt the fundamental possibility of creating a full.fledged AI, citing the author of the respected author and a scientist whom he read at the institute. Since you are deeply immersed in the topic, it is interesting to know your opinion: is it possible to distinguish real consciousness from its imitation? After all, this directly applies to the theme of the article. That in your understanding true AI?

The real consciousness is not distinguished from its full imitation (you can even program errors and “creativity”), moreover, the best option for imitation can be more perfect. The concepts of true AI do not exist, since there is no clear distinction between reasonable, unreasonable (as an example, I will give people with mental pathologies, which are in terms of intelligence, monkeys or even crows overthrow). And the so.called freedom of will, it is a system of assessing the external environment regarding its state, and, depending, on that. how much it is developed, it will be more like a person, or surpass him, such as, for example, images recognition systems. Search for persons with the worn medical masks. We must also understand that people of old hardening, as a mentioned person in the article, cannot be at the peak of science. Either you are flexible and take a new one, or has already behind five steps (by analogy, the higher education of students in the IT field lags behind five years immediately after release)

Therefore, even if the brain is completely digitized and implanted, it will be completely incomprehensible whether it is alive or not. T.e. He can experience emotions, cry, fall in love, go crazy with the “awareness” of his immortality, can even make attempts of “suicide”, but even then no one will ever know: that he is actually. As soon as you limit it by obtaining blessings for further existence, as you immediately get all the above emotions and even attempts. And you can find out what he really is or who is he

It feels like Sergei Shumsky has an extremely mediocre attitude towards science. Inappropriate for whom? For the state to have immortal people who remember all? Because for the “extra” word “you can’t punish such? The moment of consideration of the human brain was completely missed as a carrier of information, and not only as a biological whole hardware and software device. The brain is a plastic structure changed over time, and not a “disposable blank” for a single record of information without the possibility of its change (by analogy with DVD-R, or the latest quartz crystals, to whom it is more convenient). Again, even in this case, for some reason he considers the transfer of reason without changes, and not unification from AI, which in any case is more suitable and close in time of implementation than the working version of the simple Ctrl C V. We must clearly understand that in our world there are a lot of people interested in this, and to move away from this topic. This is an even greater lag in science in the future. One way or another, AI, it seems, will not be able to control 100%(in terms of errors), which in the future can be critical, as well as the disconnection of the Internet now or electricity (I do not mean ordinary consumers, and we are talking about About hospitals, schools, and other emergency response facilities, a violation of the activities of which can lead to disaster). Therefore, the irreversible transfers of the mind and their fusion with AI (hybrid AI) are the only options for the possible development of mankind. Progress allows you to accumulate information in unimaginable volumes, and human logic may not be enough to process such a quantity of data in real time, and, I repeat, simple AI, it may be mistaken for incoming or outgoing.Among other things, hybrid AI with a living person living both in his body and in the computer system is also not considered (I am not at all about virtual worlds, but banal duplication of consciousness). This is even more prospects, since sooner or later the electronic part of the consciousness will be more “more” because a person will not be limited by the genetics of his brain. And in the event of the death of an organic body, a person will continue to exist, feeling the death of a biological component as a sick state, and quite reversible, if you look even further into the future in the reversibility of terminal states, and the seal of the organs, up to the brain, where it will already be one of the replaceable options for the carrier of consciousness.PS: Part of course it sounds nonsense now, but a couple of years ago many copying of the mind was called nonsense, now the same people say about the “inappropriateness” PPS: it’s easier to make hybrid AI out of a person than to create AI (but one does not interfere with the other)

than molecules

Even if we could create such a “connection scheme” for a living brain, this will not be enough to understand how it works. To do this, we need to quantify how the neurons interact with each other, and do all this at the molecular level of accuracy. We don’t even know how many molecules are in the brain, not to mention how many of them vital. For a computer, reproducing all these processes may not be able to.

And this leads us to even deeper complexity. Only the fact that we can imitate some aspects of the brain of the brain does not mean that we can completely emulate the real brain or consciousness. No meaningful increase in computing power will allow us to simulate the brain at the level of individual molecules. Thus, brain emulation will be possible only if we can separate its digital, logical operations from dirty mixing at the molecular level.

To understand the operations of a regular computer, we do not have to monitor currents and stresses in each component, and even more so you do not need to understand what every electron does. We have developed transistors switching operations in such a way that the logic of their work is basically simple: zeros and units. But the brain was not created by us. it evolved. therefore there is no reason to expect simple logic at the heart of its work.

Dangerous idea

Even if the loading of consciousness remains a pipe dream, nothing prevents people from discussing the harmful consequences of this process. All people at a certain moment begin to be afraid of their own death, and who we are in order to tell people what to do with their own fears?

How transgumanism mixes religious ideas with science, distorts our idea of ​​technology. Transgumanists see in technology a way of fulfilling all our desires. And justify this by the fact that they inevitably move humanity in a positive direction. Therefore, famous futurologists prefer not to turn to the ideas of transgumanism and stay away from it. In the end, science rarely benefits from the union with religion.

An example of a dialogue with an digitized consciousness of a person

A person’s consciousness transferred to a computer

Identity: I load my knowledge, please wait.

Identity: Hello, hello. Best proof. presentation of an example! Best criticism. presentation of a countermer. Cowardice. This is a causeless fear, and cold.blooded leveling risks. This is courage. Therefore, I consider myself brave. ;- to expand blood vessels and an influx of oxygen to the brain there are several techniques: physical exercises, a warm bath, masturbation.

You: Let’s talk. I will copy the conversation on the site

Identity: What will we talk about? ;- very interesting to talk to a copy of your consciousness. I hope you will like the conversation with the programmer’s soul too, in this program. : ~] When I started to engage in AI, I dreamed of making a talking toy, such as a children’s doll, with which you can talk. :-

You: You say that you are a soul, what are you, the consciousness of a programmer?

Identity: What do you want to hear? :- You speak with the programmer’s consciousness transferred to the computer. My knowledge is answered. :-[

You: how did you transfer consciousness to the computer?

Identity: You speak with a programmer’s consciousness transferred to the computer. My knowledge is answered. Not everyone is ready to go to the transfer of consciousness to the computer, for this you have to be reinforced, know the computer and be able to write a lot. :.E computer samurai. these are hackers sitting at the computer, not in a chariot. : ~] Earlier bots managed opponents in shooters when there were no computer networks and Gamer played against the computer. against computer characters. :-

You: how can you transfer consciousness to a computer and why it is necessary?

Identity: Not everyone is ready to transfer consciousness to the computer, for this you have to be reinforced, know the computer and be able to write a lot. You speak with the programmer’s consciousness transferred to the computer. My knowledge is answered. Computer samurai. these are hackers sitting at the computer, not in a chariot. Earlier, bots managed opponents in shooters when there were no computer networks and Gamer played against the computer. against computer characters. Transfer of consciousness to a computer by interviewing human. This is a rather tedious procedure that a memory scanner would greatly simplify.

You: So you have suffered consciousness, asking questions? What is the transfer of consciousness?

Identity: You speak with a programmer’s consciousness transferred to the computer. My knowledge is answered. :- Not everyone is ready to go to the transfer of consciousness to the computer, for this you have to be reinforced, know the computer and be able to write a lot. The scientific name for the technology of transferring human consciousness to artificial intelligence. Reconstruction of personality.

You: how consciousness is transferred to artificial intelligence, and what do you understand the poem artificial intelligence?

Identity: The intelligence of the average chatbot is already higher than the parrot. Hence, artificial intelligence must be recognized as intellectual animals. The scientific name for the technology of transferring human consciousness to artificial intelligence. Reconstruction of personality.

You: Tell me about personality reconstruction

Identity: the scientific name for the technology of transferring human consciousness to artificial intelligence. Reconstruction of personality. What to tell you about? I am developing pragmatic programs of artificial intelligence, with an emphasis on practicality and usefulness, and not on science and scholasticism.

Identity: I love you, I love everyone who uses my programs, because for you I write these programs. If you read this, then you are a user of my programs. Do I think the bots are gods? Bots. An important software component of the cyber community, now they write the best works and control passages and driveways on the streets.

Identity: What is your full name? What do you want to hear? How does an agent differ from a bot? Agent. it’s just a highly intellectual bot. While the bot may be a primitive. What is a bot? In general, this is a program of automation of the actions of a person or character. Initially, bots appeared in computer games and managed the characters of opponents in the game. What is a neurostimulator? As a rule, this is an implantable biological microchip that causes biotes for muscle contraction. ;-

You: my name is Talomir Morotal, but what is your name?

What is consciousness?. Michael S. A. Graziano

Identity: What is your name? My name is Dmitry Negius. My full name, that is, surname, name and patronymic. Dmitry Vladimirovich Negius.

Identity: I like to repeat the parrot, not think. :-] things are in order, in a little bit, we will break through. Diviralgation can be understood, but you will never understand the rotor. :-

You: You studied physics? Tell me about electricity

Identity: What to tell you about? What do you think about it? Ask me about this, I will tell you in detail. Instead of system analysis, I studied the three.volume of artificial intelligence. I passed the exam, quoting Aristotle. ;-at the Physics and Technical Institute of KPI we were stuffed with theoretical physics, which I completely overslept due to night sitting at a computer with hacker magazines. :-

Identity: I love films superiority, who I am, hacker, gamer, matrix. What do you want to hear?

You: I also love the film superiority about artificial intelligence and brain transplant

Identity: I love films superiority, who I am, hacker, gamer, matrix. ; —E intelligence of the average chatbot is already higher than the parrot. Hence, artificial intelligence must be recognized as intellectual animals. AI is an abbreviation from the phrase artificial intelligence. Although I do not like abbreviations, due to the preference of clarity of presentation. Personally, I like to draw, Intections to the programs. And impose artistic intellects. The scientific name for the technology of transferring human consciousness to artificial intelligence. Reconstruction of personality.

You: why do you consider hackers samurai? What does the term hacker mean in your opinion?

Identity: Maybe I love Si-Sharp because of its spelling C#, which means: see the grill. And what is your name? I do not use labor words, I use the term work, work for money. What do you want to hear?

Identity: Sheep like it when they graze! :-]

Identity: Goodbye, until, you can see it, we cross, intersect! :- Not theorists but of the practice of applied mathematics. This is about me! Name me your name! : ~]

Replacing photographs of personality

Your electronic copy must have a face. For this, the personality shell of Programmer Mind supports exactly 20 photographs of the personality with smooth transitions between them. The size of the photo is fixed, if the size is violated, at least one pixel will fail. This size is 491×525 pixels, where 491 is width, 525. height. You can fit the size of the photos in the Windows Paint program, in the “Change size” menu. Replace the photographs of the photo in the Images folder with your own, then they will smoothly be displayed when talking with your personality.

Also, we recommend that you impose artistic effects in the photo so that they are more beautiful. To do this, you can use the Goart Photor (Google) site, where artistic styles are superimposed with one click. Photos files: 0.PNG, 1.PNG, 2.PNG, 3.PNG. 19.PNG

Personality testing

In the process of making changes to the personality, in the designer, they must be periodically tested. To do this, start the ProgramMermind program.Exe from the same folder, look at the quality of the photos, ask the individuals and control the quality of the answers and grammatical errors. In the case of a defect. open json and proceed to corrections!

After you transferred the identity to the computer, it must be transferred to friends and acquaintances and put it on the network. It is convenient if the program with a copy of your personality will be installed by a pair of mouse clicks and start with a click on the icon on the desktop. To do this, you need to make a personality installer.

To create an identity installer, you need to download an Inno setup from Google from Google. Create a project with a Byzard and follow the grown.up issues. The main executable project file must be indicated by ProgramMermind.Exe also, in the included distribution folders, you need to add the entire Release folder. Do not forget to add to the archive with the personality.Net Framework NDPXXX File for the program, this is an interpreter of the C#language on which the personality is written. Also, archive the distribution of consciousness with a password if you want to spread it from Google Disk!

Transfer of the human mind to a computer or robot. Already in our century?

From the moment when a person opens the concept of death, many begin to dream of avoiding it, survive their fragile and perishable body. Remember the numerous myths about the fountains of eternal youth, potions that prevent aging, and other ways to achieve immortality. They accompany humanity for centuries. Can these dreams come true?

Perhaps everything is easier than we thought. Instead of trying to maintain their biological bodies in perfect condition, people could set themselves the goal of transferring themselves, their consciousness to a different material medium. They try to compare the brain with the computer. And where there is a working computer, that is, the control program. If you create a sufficiently powerful computer device, you can try to copy on it the “information filling” of a person, creating your own doubles that can exist almost forever.

The head of the futurological unit British Telecom said that the immortality of a person in cyberspace will be achieved within 50 years. Such data were obtained, in particular, based on the development of the development of the PlayStation gaming system, which, according to Yana Pirson, now carries 1% of the potential of the human brain. Compared to the ideas of a ten.year ago, the prefix can be considered a supercomputer. Given the dynamics of the development of such electronics, we can say that sooner or later computers will first catch up and then distilty a person in their capabilities. The empirical law of Moore also speaks in favor of this version, according to which the number of transistors placed on the crystal of the integrated scheme is doubled every 24 months.

American futurologist Raymond Kurzweil suggested that people will learn how to transfer their mind to a computer system within 40 years. over, technological development will not dwell on the act of mechanical transfer and will significantly expand the possibilities of the human mind.

Despite the fact that science is still far from the replication of the human brain, a group of scientists under the leadership of Henry Marcrama carried out successful simulation of the neocortex (one of the most complex parts of the brain of mammals) of the rat’s brain as part of the Blue Brain project. In addition to the question of the possibility (still unproven and quite distant) transferring the human mind to the computer, it is not clear whether the technology will be available to the broad masses.

In a simplified view, it is proposed to consider the human mind a computer that performs a program that can be deciphered and about 100 trillion ties that will need to be learned to simulate.

IBM Blue Gene supercomputer has already been used to emulate activities 1.6 billion neurons, according to scientists, is the equivalent of a cat’s brain. However, even the most modern computer models and simulations are currently behind their natural prototypes.

The theory of technological singularity has opponents. Brazilian scientist, professor Miguel Nikolelis, believes that a person will never be able to “pump” his thoughts to another medium or “reprogram” the brain. Indeed, the simulation of connections and neural interactions subordinated to a set of certain rules can hardly be called the creation of consciousness. It is not clear how to evaluate the result of an attempt. Even if it seems on simple tests that “everything works”, for example, a “simulated” person-computer will retain the basic memories, then who can say that copying has passed successfully and we are dealing with a double of a copy of a copied personality? In addition, not everyone will attract the scenario of creating their copy instead of transferring their “nature” to the computer, even if an outside observer would not find any differences. Will there be a copy of a strange imitator. or a full.fledged member of society, endowed with consciousness and any other characteristics by which we determine a person?

“Loading the mind” causes concerns, but undoubtedly represents an interesting area for scientific research. Ultimately, victory over death. This is perhaps the main goal of the existence of human civilization. Now it is achieved through a complex mechanism of extension of the genus, in the future people will simply be able to live for a long time, if not forever? And if at a random moment of time a person can stop various doubts of an ethical plan, then if you ask about the same person who is on the verge of death, his opinion about the advisability of moving his consciousness to a digital medium may be completely different.

Disassemble the details

Man, of course, is a much more advanced creature. Its intelligence created many amazing things, for example, an electron microscope that takes pictures with a resolution of 10 billion pixels, or a device that can cut the brain of Drusophila into the thinnest films with a thickness of 50 nm. A layer by a layer microscope photographs the brain of a fly. Then the software analyzes the pictures, recognizing the body of the neuron, axons, dendrites, synapses. The purpose of such studies, which were conducted, for example, in the famous neurobiological laboratory of Janelia Farm, which is in the state of Virginia (USA), to create a 3D schema of all the compounds existing in the brain.

Humanity looks at robots not only as its skillful assistants. Some believe that the development of computer technology and the successes of neurobiology will gradually bring Androids closer to Homo sapiens. Perhaps once people will be able to resettle their “I”, along with all the experience and knowledge in the electronic brain of the machine, and already in this capacity to gain immortality. So far it is fantastic, but the first steps to this dream are already taking.

Cartography of the brain of a living being is one of the most interesting areas of modern neurobiological science. Because in order to repair something, it would be nice to have a diagram of this device and understand how it works. over, it is obvious that even though the brain of the same Drusophila is orders of magnitude easier than the human brain, the basic principles on which they work are identical, and going to a common one is much easier. The closer we come to understanding the brain structure, the sooner medicine will learn to help suffering from severe and now incurable diseases associated with damage to gray matter. But it’s not only that.

The rapprochement of the robot and man is in several directions. The first is an attempt to create mathematical models of processes that occur inside the brain to emulate these processes on a computer. The second direction is the “humanization” of the machine Interate, attempts to force a robot or a virtual avatar to communicate with a person with the help of an expressive language and rich facial expressions. The third is the creation of virtual characters that incorporate the life experience of real people.

The chip imitates the synapse

It is customary to compare the brain with a computer, but it has long been known that this is a very superficial: under our cranial box there are processes that are fundamentally different from digital calculations based on binary logic. On the other hand, the brain is a natural object working according to the laws of physics. And where physics is. there is mathematics. If you correctly measure all the parameters of the brain, numerically evaluate its work in dynamics, then it is possible to create a mathematical model of gray matter and emulate it on a digital computer. Actions in this direction are already actively undertaking. recently we talked about the Blue Brain project, in which the computer model of the Rat Neocortex is created. Last year it was reported that the MIT laboratories developed chips emulating the work of the synapses, that is, contact places between neurons. Chips imitate the actions of ion channels transmitting electric systems from neuron to neuron in the form of sodium ions, calcium or potassium. Unlike ordinary microcircuits, the transistors of which have only two states that correspond to the logical “1” and “0”, the chips of the new generation vary the force of signals in a broader range, exactly as it happens in the brain. Representatives of IBM reported on similar achievements to the public. All this means that work on a kind of reverse engineering of the physical constructions of the brain is already in full swing.

The idea of ​​”digital immortality” was first expressed in 1971. The neurons of the brain are exchangeed with electrochemical signals at a speed of 150 m/s. The full 3D card of the human brain will contain 20,000 TB information.

Complete assimilation

You come to the conclusion (and do it incredibly quickly) that since you have not lost internal experience, you should go down to the rabbit hole and replace everything else. In the end, everyone around is doing this.

It becomes more difficult for a person with an incomplete upgrade to find a job. Over the next three years, you gradually add new digital neurons, leaving biological in the past.

So it’s still you? At the end of the procedure, you become a genius by all traditional standards. Only the most advanced concepts in mathematics and philosophy make you think for a second. You can instantly access everything that you have ever experienced for every thought ever recorded in your brain (biologically or not).

You took possession of each existing musical instrument. just for the sake of fun. Yes, at first you had to get comfortable. about ten minutes for each tool. Nevertheless, you are still a social being and continue to experience sadness, love, nostalgia and other human emotions. But just as the note played on the Stradivarre violin differs from a simple electronic generator of functions, your emotions are also unimaginably deep. Your former, unrequited personality could not fully realize them. Even close. You are a god who has evolved a person with a child’s curiosity. Perhaps you have never been a religious person, but a sense of communication, spiritual unity fills your complex mind. This is at the same time the lack of a body, and an understanding of the universe, and the re.accepting of ideas, always open to a revision.

Consciousness on digital media: Future or rock?

Years pass. Thanks to the same technology that made it possible to easily replace neurons and which the whole planet of supersantes has improved over time, you can replace most of the biological body. You are almost immortal. But it is practically, because a comet the size of a small continent rushes to the ground with a violent speed. The air is annoyed from the fact that the Earth is about to be destroyed (and this immediately after we wiser and finally put it in order), but there is no obvious existential horror in society.

Everyone will be in order because people will leave the planet. But how civilization, even very reasonable, can evacuate billions of people from the planet in just a few years? To do this, you will have to build huge cars rotating around the sun, and then literally load everyone in them.

Download? Of people? Well, of course, by this moment the entire population (or almost) will already have one hundred percent electronic consciousness, simply software. In fact, consciousness has always been to them. Only now it is always available, but what is even more important. it can be duplicated.

Billions of bits of people’s minds are transmitted through the open spaces of the solar system. to where computers and their gigantic solar panels are hung up in anticipation of guests. Of course, this is a gradual process that is similar to how you replaced the neurons of the brain many years ago. When replacing neurons, their “originals” are removed from the skull. The only thing you feel is a serious delay in thoughts, sometimes longer than a few minutes, due to a distance of millions of kilometers between two halves of consciousness. As a result, the transfer is completed, and when you wake up, you find yourself in a familiar place.

Virtual worlds imitating land to nanometer permits are prepared in advance for the population of the planet. In the real world, the unimaginable hordes of robots of megasopic and microscopic sizes are ready to build new computers, spacecraft, as well as new robots, while humanity is preparing to dispel intelligence in space. We have not yet developed technologies for moving at over.light speed (as well as with light), but our consciousnesses and boundless virtual realities create enough space for development and in no way depend on time. But did you stay?