Specify the inputs and outputs for the system computer

Troubleshooting with the system stability monitor

By clicking on a particular day, you will see detailed information about each category at the bottom of the window.

If you have a look at our screenshots, you will see that our computer was working fine in the first half of February. However, over the last few weeks it seems to have run into a number of problems. If you look at the information for each day, you can see that these errors are related to overclocking our computer. We checked the video cards and the CPU for performance. Usually these experiments result in errors and unexpected restarts.

Thus, we can safely dismiss these warnings because we know what caused them.

But if any app fails for reasons you don’t understand, you should click on “View technical details” to find out more about what’s causing the problem.

As you can see, the system stability monitor allows you to check the performance of your computer without the help of third-party programs. While usually the System Stability Monitor does not solve the problem, it can help you find the cause of an error, and then you can take appropriate steps to fix it.

The need to check a particular component of the computer system may arise for a variety of reasons. Some people just want to check the stability of hardware, others are looking for the causes of device malfunction, or to achieve maximum performance. This is what you need a computer testing program for.

Outline of the computer science lesson “Personal computer as a system” (6th grade)

We pay your attention that according to the Federal law N 273-FZ “About education in the Russian Federation” in the organizations which are carrying out educational activity, training and education of students with disabilities is organized both together with other students, and in separate classes or groups.

Lesson 17. Personal computer as a system

To deepen students’ understanding of systems of objects;

Summarize the notion of system-environment interaction;

Learn the techniques for creating text editor graphic objects.

Equipment: interactive whiteboard, teacher’s PC, students’ PC.

Execution of practical work (15 min.)

Grading. Homework (3 min.)

Greetings to students. Checking in attendance. Setting up for the lesson.

Lesson topic: The personal computer as a system

Lesson topic: Personal computer as a system

(A system is a whole consisting of parts interconnected with each other). The parts that make up a system are called its components)

(The effects of the environment on the system are called system inputs and the effects of the system on the environment are called system outputs)

(Very often a person does not know how the system he is dealing with is “inside”. In such cases, it is said that the system is seen as a “black box”. To represent some system as a black box means to specify its inputs and outputs.)

A personal computer is a system that includes hardware, software, and information resource subsystems.

The personal computer is a subsystem of the human-computer system. The means that provide interaction between objects of this system are called an interface.

There is a distinction between hardware, software, hardware-software and user interfaces.

User interface. the interaction between a person and a computer. It is provided by the operating system.

How to use the graphical capabilities of a word processor” practice (p. 49).154 textbook)

Which systems make up the “computer” subsystem?? For which systems is the computer a supersystem??

What is an interface?? List the types of intelligence.

What do you know about the user interface??

Homework. §6. read, orally answer questions 1. 6.

A personal computer as a system

One of the objects. The personal computer, which is examined in computer science lessons, is the. It can be viewed as a system consisting of “hardware”, “software”, “information resources” subsystems (fig. 1.20).

The hardware subsystem acts as a supersystem for information input, processing, storage, and output devices.

Operating system. Software subsystem and supersystem, which includes system and service programs.

The information resource system includes a system of text and image files, sound files, video files, etc. д.

The personal computer is a part of the “human. computer.”. The means that provide the relationship between the objects of this system are called the interface. There is a distinction between hardware, software, hardware-software and user-interes.

Hardware interface. Interaction between computer devices; provided by the manufacturers of this equipment.

Software interface. Interaction (compatibility) of programs with each other, as well as software and information resources; is provided by software developers.

Hardware-software and user interface is provided by the computer’s operating system.

Hardware-software interface. Interaction between the computer hardware and software.

User’s interface. human-computer interaction. Menu-based user interface offers the ability to select a control command from a menu (command list). In a graphical interface, computer objects are represented by little pictures (icons). The desired icon is selected with the mouse. In addition to icons, texts (for prompting) and menus (for selecting commands) are also used. A three-dimensional interface allows navigation in a three-dimensional computer environment. Pointing with the mouse at the door of a virtual museum, you can enter the museum. In the virtual room, you can look around, walk up to any picture and examine it in more detail. This interface is part of the real world.

In a nutshell

personal computer. A system that includes hardware, software, and information resources subsystems.

A personal computer. Human subsystem. computer”. The means that provide interrelation between the objects of this system are called the interface.

User interface. Human-Computer Interaction. It is provided by the operational system.

Questions and Assignments

What kind of system does the “computer” subsystem belong to?? For which systems the computer is a supersystem?

What is the supersystem for the object “printer”? What is the relationship between the objects “printer” and “ink-jet printer”??

What is an interface?? List the types of interface.

What do you know about user interface??

What is your understanding of the phrase: “The Windows operating system provides the same user experience when working with different objects”??

What are the inputs and outputs for the computer system?

The personal computer as a system. Objects and Systems

Computer as a supersystem Personal computer Hardware Input devices Processing devices Storage devices Output devices Information resources Text files Graphics files Sound files Video files Software Operating system System System programs Utility programs Application programs Operating system

Software Operating system A package of programs that control computer operations and provide interaction between humans and PC Application programs programs designed to solve problems in various areas of human activity (accounting programs, text and graphic editors, databases, expert systems, translators, encyclopedias, educational, test and game programs, etc.). д.) Tooling environments Programming languages File Information in long-term memory which is perceived as a whole and which has a name.

Information Resources The information resource system includes subsystems of text and graphic files, audio files, video files, etc.п. Text files Graphic files Sound files Video files

“Interface as a system Inteace (from Eng. Interface Interface is a set of tools, methods and rules of interaction (control, monitoring, etc.) between devices and systems. д.) between elements of the system. Hardware interface. Interaction between PC devices Software interface. Interaction (compatibility) of programs with each other, software and information resources. Hardware and software interface. Hardware and Software Interaction User Interface. Human (PC user) and computer (OS) interaction. (OS)

The most important User Interface. interaction between a person (PC user) and a computer (windows, menus, controls) PC. a system including hardware, software and information resource subsystems Inteace. a set of means ensuring interaction between objects of this system (between man and computer) PC user. a person working with PC. a subsystem of “Man. Computer” system. !!

Working paper 5 (exercises 4-6) p Files for work: Prog\6 class\Practicum 5 Saving: Personal network folder\Workshops\Practicum 5\ 3 files Practical work Questions and exercises 1.For which systems does the “computer” subsystem comprise?? For which systems is the computer a supersystem? 2.What is the supersystem for the object “printer”? In what relationship are the objects “printer” and “inkjet printer”? 3.What is an interface? 4.What do you know about the user interface?? 5.Specify the inputs and outputs for the “computer” system. ??

6th Grade Lesson Outline: “The Personal Computer as a System”

Checking in attendance. Readiness for the lesson.

Hello children! Sit down. Preparing notebooks, textbooks, diaries

Motivation. Today we will study an interesting topic, in which you will learn a lot of new and interesting.

Check your homework. Let’s begin the lesson by checking our homework.

The first task is to identify the subsystems in the objects: car, school. We show notebooks with the completed task. (I look at your work and say:) Kolobzarova Carina, bring the workbook (we check it on the document camera). Name the subsystems in the diagram. What is a supersystem? Checking. Who can add?

What kinds of systems do you know?? (name the systems). So, all systems can be divided into three large groups: intangible, tangible, mixed. Material systems, in turn, are divided into natural and technical systems. Determine what kind of system the pictures on this slide belong to. Who wants to go to the blackboard? (I call three people in turn.). Name which species the first four systems belong to. Good. The next one will goAlso identify four more systems. And the last system will determineCheck your results. That’s right. (not correct, tell me where to move this picture? Justify your answer.).

Let’s check the last task of the crossword puzzle. Guys, as you can see on the slide there are two concepts hidden under the number 2 and 4. I would like to know the answers to them. The second one will read The answer to this question will be.? Great! Now read question 4What is the answer to this question? Good job! Raise your hand if you guessed the whole crossword puzzle correctly? Well done, everyone!

We have looked at different systems, analyzed their structure, named the component parts. In almost every computer science class we work with a very important technical system. What is it called? In today’s lesson we will look at this system in detail. Who can name the topic of the lesson? (computer as a system). Write down the number and topic of the lesson in your notebook. (Go through to see how the writing is done.).

Objectives. Remove unnecessary tasks and name the tasks of the lesson. (circling the marker).

Explanation. Let’s look at the familiar object computer from a different point of view. It turns out that the computer can be viewed as a supersystem and a subsystem.

The PC as a subsystem. A personal computer includes the following subsystems: hardware, software, information resources. Sketch this diagram in your notebook right from the topic of the lesson. Consider the components of these subsystems. (Parting the curtain.). Tell me what is part of the PC hardware? Name the information input devices. Storing information. What is included in the information resources revival? An operating system includes(telling you what these are). So the PC in this system acts as what system? Supersystems (putting forward).

Man is a computer. What systems do you see in this picture?? Human-computer. What is a supersystem in this system? Correct in this situation, the computer is a subsystem.

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One minute of physical activity. (Turning off the blackboard.). Look up with your eyes blinking, right up Take a pen, put it in front of you and look at the pen and the board, repeat seven times.

Task cards. We’ve had a rest. Now let’s move on. We’ll divide into groups of two, one desk will be one group. I give you cards and you have to use arrows to identify the subsystems and subsystems of the computer. Time for the task is 1, 5 minutes. Quietly confer, then consider the answers. Time’s up.

Okay, time’s up, name the subsystems of the computer. Roma. Roma named everything? Who wants to add to it?? Name the supersystems of your computer. (Same procedure)

Intease. (Turning on the board). Attention on the board. Means of ensuring the relationship between the objects of the system “Man. computer”, is called an interface. Distinguish:

Hardware-The means of interaction between computer devices.

specify, inputs, outputs, system, computer

Software. means of interaction between programs.

Hardware and software. means of interaction between computer hardware and software.

User. the means of human-computer interaction

Case study. Turn to page 40 of your textbook and find the subtitle inteis. Using this point, do some practical work on the computers. fill in the diagram. It’s on your computer desktop. (After 7 minutes, I ask.). Who did well and worked well in the lesson I give you marks.

Take your seats at your desks. What did you learn in class?? (children are named).

The most important. The human-computer system includes subsystemsAnd the means that provide the relationship between the objects of this system is called an interface.

specify, inputs, outputs, system, computer

Homework. Write down your homework: p. 6. Page. 41, answer the questions. Crossword.

Reflection. Sit at your computers and evaluate your work in this lesson. Leave the result on your desktop.

End. Thank you all, you can gather.

Lesson outline for computer science and ICT Personal computer as a system (grade 7, Bosova’s textbook L.Л.). In this lesson, students are invited to look at the object of the computer from a different perspective.

Lesson goals:. consolidate students’ ideas about systems of objects;. give an idea of the personal computer as a system;. test knowledge of “Objects and Systems.

Basic concepts:. Hardware;. Software;. Information resources;. Interface.

ICT tools used in the lesson:. personal computer (PC) of the teacher, multimedia projector, screen;. PC of the students.

DER. presentation “Personal computer as a system”

Peculiarities of presenting the content of the lesson

1. Organizational time (1 minute) Greeting students, announcing the topic and goals of the lesson.

2. Repetition (7 min.) 1) check the studied material on question 4 to. 2) checking their homework in RT 1-42,43,45 on pp. 25-33 3) review of tasks which caused difficulties in doing homework.

3. Studying a new material (20 minutes) In this lesson students are asked to look at the computer object from a different perspective. Explaining the material using the presentation “Personal computer as a system” in the form of a conversation. 1 slide. Presentation title; 2 slide. Computer as a system; 3 slide. Subsystems of a personal computer; 4 slide. Hardware; 5 slide. Software; 6 slide. Information resources; 7 slide. Inteis; 8 slide. Hardware intelligence; 9 slide. Hardware-software interface; 10 slide. Hardware and software interface; 11 slide. User’s interface; 12 slide. Most important; 13 slide. Let’s discuss (questions); 14 slide. Complete a picture of the structure of a “personal computer” system (RT 7); 15 slide. Make the necessary additions to the diagram (RT 8);

4. Examination (testing) (15 minutes) For the Objects and Systems written test, print out ready-made tests in advance. When grading, keep the following ratios: 50-70%. 3; 71-85%. 4; 86-100%. 5. At the teacher’s discretion, the requirements can be lowered.

Option 1 1. Finish the sentence: “Any part of reality perceived by man as a whole is called” o a concept o an object o an object o a system 2. Mark the singular names of objects: car birch Moscow Baikal Pushkin A.С. operating system keyboard simulator Windows XP 3. Check the following box for the operating system objects: desktop window folder file computer

properties dimensions behavior state of action 5. Specify the relationship for the “processor and system unit” pair:

o is part of o is a variety of o is the cause 6. Mark natural systems: solar system soccer team plant computer car mathematical language 7. Identify the subsystems that make up the Personal Computer Hardware system:

operating system application programs

Option 2 Finish the sentence: “A whole consisting of parts interconnected with each other is called” o concept o object o subject o system 2. Mark the common names of objects: machine birch Moscow Baikal Pushkin A.С. Operating system keyboard simulator Windows XP 3. Mark the classroom objects: desktop window folder file computer 4. Mark the attributes that can be stated in a message about an object: properties behavior state possibilities of action 5. Specify the relationship for the pair “graphics editor and MS Paint”: o is an element of a set o is part of a set o is a variety o is the cause 6. Mark technical systems: solar system soccer team plant computer car mathematical language 7. Specify the subsystems that make up the “Personal Computer Software” system: information input devices information storage devices operating system application programs

5. Summarizing the lesson. Homework message. Grading (2 minutes) Homework. § 1.7, RT: 0 (pp. 36).

Directions, Комментарии и мнения владельцев, answers, and solutions The assignments in workbook 7 (p. 34). hardware, information resources, software. 8 (pp. 35). hardware, software, hardware and software; menu, graphic, three-dimensional.

Test Answers Option 1 1. Object. 2. Moscow, Baikal, Pushkin A.С., Windows XP. 3. Desktop, window, folder, file.

Includes. 6. Solar system, plant. 7. Information input devices, information storage devices. Option 2 1. System. 2. Machine, birch tree, operating system, keyboard trainer. 3. Desktop, window, folder, computer. 4. Properties, behavior, state, actions. 5. Is a kind of. 6. Computer, automobile. 7. operating system, application programs.

Archive includes:. an outline. a presentation. tests.

Topic: “Personal computer as a system. Objects and Systems”

Reinforce students’ ideas about systems of objects;

check knowledge of “objects and systems”

Basics of OS (I/O Structure)

develop logical thinking, memory, attention, comparison and analysis skills

Apply the acquired knowledge and skills to practical exercises ;

form a set of universal learning activities that provide the ability to learn, i.e.е

form the information culture of schoolchildren;

form a deeper understanding of systems of objects and their features;

Checking attendance, preparing students for the lesson.

Workbook: visual check of the assignments: s. 25-26 1,42

Give an example of the interaction between a system and an environment. Specify the inputs and outputs

specify, inputs, outputs, system, computer

One of the objects that you and I look at in computer science classes is the PC, so today we will look at the PC as a system.

Recall: system. is a whole, consisting of parts interconnected with each other. The parts that make up a system are called its elements, t.е. The PC consists of certain parts with which it can perform certain actions, namely to work with information in a qualitative way.

If we look at the PC system we can distinguish 3 subsystems in it., software., information resources. The operating system is the most important program on a PC.

Applications, image, text, video creation.

Tooling by. developing other programs that will fulfill our requirements.

The PC is a part of the Man. PC”, in order that a person could normally work at a PC, could understand it, there should be tools that provide the relationship between the objects of the system. this object is a person, the object is a PC. The means to ensure the relationship between man and computer are the interfaces.

If the PC showed us the information as it sees itself, t.е.101000, we wouldn’t understand anything. Thanks to the fact that there are os which transform 101100 into a form we are used to we can work normally at a PC.

Generalization of the new material PC is a system. including hardware, software and information resources subsystems.

PC is a subsystem of the “human. computer”.

The means that provide the relationship between the objects of this system is called an interface.

The user interface is the interaction between a person and a computer.

Finish the sentence: “Any part of reality perceived by man as a whole is called”

Mark the operating system objects:

Specify the relationship for the pair “processor and system unit.”

Identify the subsystems that make up the Personal Computer Hardware system:

Finish the sentence: “A whole consisting of parts interconnected with each other is called”

Mark the attributes that can be stated in the message about the object:

State the relation for the pair “graphics editor and MS Paint”:

Indicate the subsystems that make up the Personal Computer Software system:

Report grades to students, summarize the lesson.

Homework Textbook: Read §1.8.Workbook: c.36 0

We have looked at the different devices of a computer individually. Now we can discuss what constitutes a personal computer as a system in which these devices.

When talking about the design of computer systems, the principle of open architecture is often mentioned, which involves setting a standard for the way a computer works and its configuration, that is, the hardware that makes up a computer and the connections between them. Putting this principle into practice allows computers to be assembled from individual parts, which can be manufactured by a wide variety of firms.

To allow the computer to be easily upgraded over time or to be supplemented with new devices, the computer has special internal sockets into which the user can plug a variety of devices (new hard drive, modem, additional memory, etc.).д.). It is thus always possible to achieve the right configuration of the computer. according to the way the computer will be used.

Assuming it is possible to assemble a computer from different devices, it is necessary to make certain assumptions about how the devices can be interfaced, i.e. what will be their interface. interface. interface). By an interface is meant a pairing tool between two devices, in which all the physical and logical parameters are mutually consistent. In our case, in order to interconnect computer devices, it is necessary to require that they have the same interface.

An interface approved at the level of international agreements is called a standard interface.

Each functional element (memory, monitor or other device) is connected to a bus of a specific type.- address, control or data bus.

Controllers, adapters, and ports are used to coordinate interfaces when connecting peripherals.

Controllers and adapters. They are electronic circuits which provide compatibility between the interfaces of the computer’s various devices. Controllers, in addition, control peripherals at the request of the processor.

Device Ports. These are also electronic circuits that contain one or more I/O registers and allow to connect computer peripherals to external processor buses.

In addition, the term port is used when referring to standard interface devices: serial, parallel and game ports (or simply interfaces).

Serial ports are usually used to connect relatively “slow” or rather remote devices (such as a mouse or modem). Faster devices (such as a printer or scanner) are connected to the parallel port. The gaming port is used to connect a joystick. There are specialized ports for the keyboard and monitor (regular connectors).

The main electronic components that determine the architecture of the processor are located on the main board of the computer, which is called the system board or motherboard. MotherBoard).

The personal computer as a system. create computer documents

• Master the techniques of creating text editor graphic objects.

Lesson Type: Combination Lesson

Equipment: interactive whiteboard, teacher’s PC, students’ PC.

View the contents of the document “Personal computer as a system. Creation of computer documents”

Topic: “Personal computer as a system.

To deepen students’ understanding of systems of objects;

To generalize the idea of interaction between the system and the environment;

Learn techniques for creating word processing graphical objects.

Equipment: interactive whiteboard, teacher’s PC, students’ PC.

Greetings to students. Checking in attendance. Setting up for the lesson.

Lesson topic: The personal computer as a system

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Lesson topic: The personal computer as a system

(A system is a whole consisting of parts that are interconnected with each other. The parts that make up a system are called its components)

(The effects of the environment on the system are called system inputs, and the effects of the system on the environment are called system outputs)

(Very often a person does not know how the system he is dealing with is “inside”. In such cases, the system is said to be viewed as a “black box”. To represent some system as a black box means to specify its inputs and outputs.)

A personal computer is a system that includes hardware, software, and information resource subsystems.

Personal computer. a subsystem of the “human-computer” system. The means that provide the interrelationship between the objects of this system is called the interface.

A distinction is made between hardware, software, firmware, and user interfaces.

User interface. the interaction between a human and a computer. It is provided by the operating system.

A practical exercise called “Let’s look at the graphics capabilities of a word processor” (p. 156).154-155 of the textbook)

For which systems does the “computer” subsystem belong?? For which systems is the computer a supersystem?

A personal computer as a system

First, let’s look at the personal computer as a system.

Its subsystems are hardware, software, and information resources.

These subsystems are in turn the supersystems. The Hardware supersystem includes input, output, processing, and storage devices.

The next supersystem is Information Resources. It includes all files with information: audio, text, graphic, and video files. Next let’s consider a supersystem Software. This includes the operating system and application programs. In turn, the operating system subsystem is also a supersystem. It consists of system and service programs.

Let’s take a closer look at the hardware, software and information resources subsystems.

So, hardware is the totality of all computer devices. Basic configuration includes the following functional blocks: computer unit, monitor, keyboard and mouse.

Software is a set of all the programs installed on the computer. This set may be different for each computer. It depends on the area of human activity. For example, at home we install graphics and word processing programs, games, and so on. On the designer’s computer installed programs to create drawings, apartment planning, and other.

Information resources is a system of text, graphic, music, video files and so on.

The Personal Computer is, as we said earlier, a subsystem within the “human-computer” system.

Let us go to the concept of “interface”. Intease is the means that provide the human-computer connection.

A hardware interface is the way a computer’s devices communicate with each other. the equipment manufacturers are responsible for this interface. They make sure that it is possible to connect the necessary equipment to the system unit, i.e. it should have suitable connectors. For example, in order to connect a printer to the computer, the system unit must have a connector to connect the printer. Likewise for a monitor. There are also wireless connections, but they should also be standard.

The next interface we will consider is a software interface.

Software interfaces are the ways that programs interact with each other (their compatibility) as well as software and information resources. For example we want to open a text file.docx. The software interface must “make sure” that this file is opened by an application program designed for viewing, editing, and saving text files. Keep in mind that a text file is an information resource and an application program is a software. Thus a software interface provides the interaction between information resources and software. The people responsible for this interface are the software developers.

Hardware and software interfaces are the ways in which computer hardware and software interact. For example, in order to print a text or a picture, we need a printer. But we cannot simply connect a printer to a computer and print text because the printer will be an unknown device. In order for everything to start working correctly, it is necessary to install the right software. special drivers specifically for a particular printer. Once the drivers are installed, the printer will work properly.

User interface is the way a person interacts with a computer. This interface can be divided into a text interface, a speech interface, and a graphical interface.

A text interface allows you to enter commands using the keyboard and the result is displayed on the screen.

A speech interface is roughly similar to human communication. With this interface, we start a dialogue between man and computer by means of speech. A human says commands into a microphone and the computer analyzes the speech, selects the key phrases and executes the necessary actions. An example of a speech interface is the iPhone program Siri. Ask her “What is the weather like??”. Other commands can be given in the same way.

In a graphical interface, a characteristic feature is that the dialogue with the user is conducted through menus, windows, icons, and other graphical elements. Select the desired item with the mouse.

The three-dimensional interface starts to come into use. It allows us to see objects from all sides, it displays shadows of the object depending on the location of the light source.

The operating system is responsible for the hardware and software interfaces.

Let’s move on to the second part of our lesson.

So, let’s open the document History of the appearance of Windows, using the File tab, Open. Then we specify the path to the document and click the open button. We see that the first paragraph describes Windows one and zero. We need to do text wraparound in the text. We put the cursor at the beginning of the paragraph. On the Insert tab, click Image, point to the path of the file and click Paste. In the format tab select word wrap, in the text. Resize the picture if necessary. To save the proportions of the drawing, you need to drag any of the corners diagonally with the left mouse button.

Next, look at the following header. Here it says Windows two and zero. Move the cursor to the beginning of the paragraph, choose the picture on the Insert tab, specify the path to the file and click Paste. In the appearing Format tab select text flow around the frame. Resize image if necessary.

In the same way we insert and edit the remaining images. Save the document under the name Windows Picture History, using the File tab, Save As Specify the path to save it, and then click Save.

Open the text editor Microsoft Word. First, using two rectangles, draw the sky and the ground and select the corresponding fill color. Then group them together. To do this, select the sky with the left mouse button click on it, press and hold down the Shift key and select the ground with the left mouse button. On the Format tab, in the Organize group, select Group, and in the menu that appears, select Group. Next, use the rectangle to draw the base of the house. Change the fill and path color using the Format tab. Draw the roof with the Equilateral Triangle and also change the color. Let’s move on to drawing the moon and the stars. You draw the stars from different shapes: four, five, and six-pointed star. Change the color of the moon and all the stars at once. To do this, select the moon, hold down the Shift key and select all the stars one by one. Then on the Format tab you change the color of the fill and stroke. Now we have to give the drawing a name, using the decorative text. On the Insert tab, choose WordArt, then choose the style you like, and enter the Starry Night text. And using the left mouse button, drag the name so it doesn’t interfere with other objects.

Save the document in your work folder under the name Starry Night using the File tab, Save As Specify the path to save and click Save.

To summarize the lesson. Today we remembered how to correctly

insert images from a file using the Insert tab;

resize and reposition images in text;

insert decorative text using the Insert tab.

draw with the help of ready shapes in the Insert tab;

to fill shapes with different types of fills and select the outline color using the Format tab;

modify finished drawings, group objects.

A personal computer is a supersystem that includes subsystems: hardware, software, and information resources.

System The personal computer is a subsystem in the human-computer system.

Intease is the means that provide the interaction of the human-computer system.

User interface is the way a human interacts with a computer.

The “computer” subsystem

? Questions and assignments. Which systems include the subsystem “computer”?? For which systems is the computer a supersystem? Name the supersystem for the object “printer”. In what relationship are the objects “printer” and “inkjet printer”? What is an interface? What do you know about user interface? Specify the inputs and outputs for the “computer” system.

Slide 13 from the “Personal Computer as a System” presentation

Size: 720 x 540 pixels, format:.jpg. To download a free slide for use in class, right-click on the image and click “Save Image As. “. Download the whole presentation “A Personal Computer as a System.ppt” can be found in the zip archive size of 959 KB.

Presentation on: PERSONAL COMPUTER AS A SYSTEM

User interface User interface

No. of slide 6

An operating system is a subsystem of software and a supersystem that includes system and service programs

No. slide 7

The system of information resources includes a subsystem of text and image files, audio files, video files, etc.п.

slide

Hardware intelligence. Interoperability between computer devices; provided by hardware manufacturers.

Slide 10

software interface. the means of interaction (compatibility) of software with each other, as well as software and information resources; is provided by software developers

Slide 11

Hardware and Software Interface. is the means of computer hardware and software. Hardware and software and user interfaces are provided by the computer operating system.

# slide 12

PC is a system including hardware, software and informational resources subsystems. PC is a system that includes hardware, software, and information resource subsystems. PC is a subsystem of “human-computer” system. The means that provide the relationship between the objects of this system are called the interface. User interface. the means of human-computer interaction, is provided by the OS.

No. slide 13

Which systems comprise the computer subsystem?? For which systems is the computer a supersystem? Which systems comprise the “computer” subsystem?? For which systems is the computer a supersystem?? What is the supersystem for the object “printer”? In what relationship are the objects “printer” and “inkjet printer”? What is an interface?? What do you know about user interface?? Specify the inputs and outputs for the “computer” system.

Presentation and Information Science Presentation on PERSONAL COMPUTER AS A SYSTEM 6th Grade

Presentation on Computer Science on PERSONAL COMPUTER AS A SYSTEM, 6th grade, Presentation subject: Computer Science. This material in pptx (PowerPoint) format contains 13 slides, use the player to view. The presentation on the topic can be downloaded at the bottom of the page by sharing the link on social networks! Presentations are taken from the open access or uploaded by their authors. Site administration is not responsible for the authenticity of the information in them.

Summary of the computer science lesson A personal computer as a system (6th grade)

Lesson 17. Personal computer as a system

To deepen students’ understanding of object systems;

Summarize the understanding of the interaction between the system and the environment;

To master the methods of creating graphical objects of the text editor.

Equipment: interactive whiteboard, teacher’s PC, students’ PC.

How to do practical work (15 min)

Grading. Homework (3 min.)

Greetings to the students. Checking of attendance. Setting the mood for the lesson.

Theme of the lesson: Personal computer as a system

Theme of the lesson: Personal computer as a system

What is the system? Give examples of tangible, intangible, and mixed systems.

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(A system is a whole, consisting of parts interconnected with each other). The parts that make up a system are called its components)

Give an example of an interaction between a system and its environment. Identify the inputs and outputs of the system.

(The influences of the environment on the system are called the inputs of the system, and the influences of the system on the environment are called the outputs of the system)

Explain the meaning of the expression “black box”. What kind of “black boxes” does one encounter in everyday life??

(Very often a person does not know how the system he or she is dealing with is “inside”. In such cases, the system is said to be viewed as a “black box”. To represent some system as a black box means to specify its inputs and outputs.)

Choose the appropriate inputs and outputs for the “television” system (interactive whiteboard assignment)

A personal computer is a system including hardware, software, and information resource subsystems.

The personal computer is a subsystem of the human-computer system. The means by which objects in this system are interconnected are called an interface.

A distinction is made between hardware, software, hardware and software, and user interfaces.

User’s interface. the interaction between a human and a computer. It is provided by the operating system.

Doing “Let’s see the graphics capabilities of a word processor” practice (p. 4).154 textbook)

Which systems make up the computer subsystem?? For which systems is the computer a supersystem??

What is an intelligence? List the types of interface.

What do you know about a user interface?

Homework. §6. read, orally answer questions 1. 6.

Software interface. The interaction (compatibility) of programs with each other, as well as of software and information resources; this is provided by the developers of the software.

Hardware-software interface. The interaction of computer hardware and software.

User Interface. Human-Computer Interaction. A menu driven user interface offers the ability to select the control command from a menu (list of commands). In the graphical interface, computer objects are represented by small pictures (icons). The desired icon is selected with the mouse. In addition to icons, texts (for prompts) and menus (to select commands) are also used.

The 6th grade computer science lesson “PC as a system

We pay your attention that according to the Federal law N 273-FZ “About education in the Russian Federation” in the organizations which are carrying out educational activity, training and education of students with disabilities is organized as jointly with other students, and in separate classes or groups.

Choose a document from the archive for viewing:

The document you have chosen to watch Personal computer as a system.docx

Technological map of the lesson. Bosova L.Л. Bossova A.Ю. Computer science. 6th grade. FSES.

Lesson: personal computer as a system.

Purpose: to give an idea of the personal computer as a system through the terms “system”, “subsystem”, “supersystem”, “system effect”

expand and generalize students’ ideas about systems of objects;

analyze the concepts “hardware” and “information resources”;

improve computer literacy skills.

develop the ability to express their ideas according to the norms of the Russian language;

develop their word-processing skills in order to process and present information;

develop the ability to analyze their activities through presentation of their work.

promote the culture of communication and the need for self-education;

cultivate an attitude toward the computer as a tool of human information activity.

Working methods: Verbal, reproductive, stimulating and motivating interest in learning.

forms: questioning, work with the textbook, work with an interactive task, presentation of the results (presentation of schemes).

Logistical support for the lesson: interactive whiteboard; computer class, word processor Word.

Didactic and handout materials: textbook, presentation, supporting concept “Personal computer as a system”, author’s interactive exercises (http://learningapps).org ).

subject. Understanding of the computer as a system; meaningful use of software tools to solve a given task.

meta-subjects. formation of structuring skills (including making a diagram), analysis, search and selection of necessary information; formation of monological and dialogical speech skills; confident use of the notion of system; ability to analyze objects from the systemic approach; ICT-competence.

personal. To understand the importance of computer skills for learning and life; for each student to determine his or her own boundaries of knowledge and ignorance; to foster positive motivation for learning, to develop an interest in computer science; to create a situation of success.

Computer Science. Grade 6 Textbook./ Л. Л. Bossova, A. Ю. Bosova М.: BINOM. Laboratory of Knowledge, 2016.

Teaching computer science in grades 5-7 / L. Л. Bosova М.: BINOM. Laboratory of Knowledge, 2016.

Informatics: workbook for 6th grade / L. Л. Bosova, A. Ю. Bosova М.: BINOM. Knowledge Lab, 2016.

Children take their seats. Check the availability of accessories.

“Smiley faces” with topic questions: “Systems.” Slide1

What is a system? Give an example of tangible, intangible, and mixed systems.

What is the essence of the systemic effect? Give an example

Identify subsystems in objects: car, army, school.

Explain the meaning of the expression “Black Box.”. What kind of “black boxes” does a person encounter in everyday life?

And what is the name of a person’s main helper when dealing with information?

What does the previous topic and computer have to do with?

Hence, the topic of our lesson: Slide2

Consider the PC in terms of a system

-To learn how a “personal computer” system works

-Learn to identify PC supersystems and subsystems

Let’s test how well you understand computer hardware by completing interactive exercises.

-And can we use a computer if we connect all the devices and plug them into the power grid??What else is in a computer that makes it different from other electrical devices??

-you can process numerical, graphical, text, and multimedia data using programs;

-All devices are interconnected and will not perform their functions without other elements of the system. Each part or program in isolation does not have the same property as an entire “personal computer” system, namely. work and process information.

-All information entering the computer is encoded in binary code. And outgoing signals are decoded from binary code

Let’s find the textbook definition of a system (pg.37) and try to formulate this definition by substituting the word “Computer” for “System

As we know, any system can be seen as an element of another system (this is called a “supersystem”) and the system itself is made up of other systems (subsystem)

Take a look at the slide. Slide 7 Why did I make this diagram?? So I suggest that you work with your textbook and find the answer to this question.

I want to help you work as experts by making a detailed diagram. (Help with the example of processing devices.) Slide 8 Let’s divide into 2 groups and break down the 2 PC subsystems by making a detailed diagram in your notebook.

The teacher makes a “mental map” of the supersystems, and the students use the textbook material and their own knowledge to add subsystems to this map on their own, using the textbook (in groups)

SWITCHING TO THE INTERACTIVE WHITEBOARD

-Because the textbooks highlight 3 PC subsystems

Work in pairs, then go to the board, fill in the table and explain the meaning.

Slide 10 Hand out the assignments on the worksheets

Which systems comprise the “computer” subsystem? For which systems is the computer a supersystem?

Name a supersystem for the object “printer”. What is the relationship between the objects “printer” and “inkjet printer”??

The lesson on the topic: “The system and the environment. PC as a system.

We pay your attention, that according to the Federal law N 273-FZ “About education in the Russian Federation” in the organizations which are carrying out educational activity, training and education of students with physical disability both together with other students, and in separate classes or groups is organized.

To deepen students’ understanding of object systems, give an idea of the interaction between the system and the environment;

Reinforce students’ ideas about systems of objects, give an idea of a personal computer as a system; test knowledge of “Objects and Systems”.

formation of the concept of a system, its composition and structure;

formation of the ability to analyse the objects around them from the systems approach point of view and to understand the necessity of using the systems approach in life;

development of good word processor skills for learning and life.

developing the pupils’ information culture, attentiveness, accuracy, discipline, diligence.

Type of the lesson : the lesson of studying of the new material

Lesson methods : verbal. Visual

Equipment : PC, ID, projector, “System and environment” presentation

Greeting, checking the attendance. Explanation of the lesson.

Checking and actualization of knowledge

In order to check how you learned the previous topic, answer the following questions.

The system – Is a whole consisting of parts interconnected with each other. The parts that make up the system. are the elements of the system.

What is the essence of the system approach? Systemic approach – Consider the component parts of a complex object In their interaction and mutual influence.

System effect – the appearance of properties in the system, which do not possess the elements of the system individually.

Intangible, material (natural, technical), mixed.

Announcing the topic and setting the goals lesson

Today in the lesson we will continue studying the topic objects and systems. Write down in this notebook our lesson topic: “System and environment. PC as a system”.

Singling out a system from the environment, we as if draw a closed boundary around it, outside of which objects which are not included in the system remain. These objects have an effect on the system. The system itself also influences the environment. Therefore, the system and the environment are said to interact with each other.

System and Environment interact with each other. The effects of the environment on a system are called system inputs. and influence of the system on the environment – system outputs.

For any system, we can list many inputs and outputs.

For example, a tree can be distinguished from its environment as a system consisting of a root, trunk, branches, and leaves.

The inputs to this system are water, sunlight, carbon dioxide, minerals, etc.д. The outputs are oxygen, shade from the crown, wood, young shoots, etc.

For most real systems, the list of inputs/outputs is endless.

Very often a person does not know how the system they are dealing with is arranged “inside”. It is much more important for a person to know , What outputs will result from certain influences at the input of the system. In such cases it is said that the system is viewed as a “black box”.

To imagine some system as a black box, this means to describe the inputs/outputs of a given system indicate its inputs and outputs, as well as the relationship between them. This description allows us to use the system in a purposeful way.

Assignment Considering the object “TV” as a system, choose appropriate inputs and outputs for it:

light; sound; electromagnetic waves; electricity;

human muscle power; image; color; dust; dirt; heat;

cold; volume control; on/off button; cost.

Task Specify the inputs and outputs for the “iron” system.

Task Give your own example of interaction between the system and the environment. Specify system inputs/outputs.

One of the objects considered in computer science classes is a personal computer. It can be viewed as a system consisting of “hardware”, “software”, and “information resources” subsystems.

Personal computer. a system including hardware, software, and information resource subsystems.

Personal computer. a subsystem of the system “person. computer.”. The means that provide the relationship between the objects of this system are called interfaces. User interface. human-computer interaction. It is provided by the operating system.